physiology

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physiology

 [fiz″e-ol´o-je]
1. the science that treats of the functions of the living organism and its parts, and of the physical and chemical factors and processes involved.
2. the basic processes underlying the functioning of a species or class of organism, or any of its parts or processes.
cell physiology the scientific study of phenomena involved in cell growth and maintenance, self-regulation and division of cells, interactions between nucleus and cytoplasm, and general behavior of protoplasm.
morbid physiology (pathologic physiology) the study of disordered functions or of function in diseased tissues.

phys·i·ol·o·gy

(fiz'ē-ol'ŏ-jē),
The science concerned with the normal vital processes of animal and vegetable organisms, especially as to how things normally function in the living organism rather than to their anatomic structure, their biochemical composition, or how they are affected by drugs or disease.
[L. or G. physiologia, fr. G. physis, nature, + logos, study]

physiology

/phys·i·ol·o·gy/ (-je)
1. the science which treats of the functions of the living organism and its parts, and of the physical and chemical factors and processes involved.
2. the basic processes underlying the functioning of a species or class of organism, or any of its parts or processes.

morbid physiology , pathologic physiology the study of disordered function or of function in diseased tissues.

physiology

(fĭz′ē-ŏl′ə-jē)
n.
1. The biological study of the functions of living organisms and their parts.
2. All the functions of a living organism or any of its parts.

phys′i·ol′o·gist n.

physiology

[fiz′ē·ol′əjē]
Etymology: Gk, physis + logos, science
1 the study of the processes and function of the human body.
2 the study of the physical and chemical processes involved in the functioning of organisms and their parts. Kinds of physiology include comparative physiology, developmental physiology, hominal physiology, and pathological physiology. Compare anatomy.

physiology

See Applied physiology, Cardiac electrophysiology, Clinical neurophysiology.

phys·i·ol·o·gy

(fiz'ē-ol'ŏ-jē)
The science concerned with the normal vital processes of animal and vegetable organisms, especially as to how things normally function in the living organism rather than as to their anatomic structure, their biochemical composition, or how they are affected by drugs or disease.
[L. or G. physiologia, fr. G. physis, nature, + logos, study]

physiology

The study of the functioning of living organisms, especially the human organism. Physiology includes BIOCHEMISTRY but this is such a large discipline that it is followed as a separate speciality. Together with ANATOMY and PATHOLOGY, physiology is the basis of medical science.

physiology

the study in animals, plants and microorganisms of those internal processes and functions associated with life.

physiology

the branch of biological science concerned with the normal bodily function of living organisms, hence physiologist. Also those functions themselves, as for example the physiology of digestion, of vision, of locomotion, etc. adj physiological.

physiology,

n in biological sciences, study concerned with the processes and functioning of organisms.

phys·i·ol·o·gy

(fiz'ē-ol'ŏ-jē)
Science concerned with normal vital processes of organisms, especially as to how things normally function in living organism rather than to their anatomic structure.
[L. or G. physiologia, fr. G. physis, nature, + logos, study]

physiology (fiz´ēol´əjē),

n the study of tissue and organism behavior. The physiologic process is a dynamic state of tissue as compared with the static state of descriptive morphology (anatomy). Physiology is differentiated from descriptive morphology by the following qualifying properties: rate, direction, and magnitude. Physiologic processes are thus morphologic alterations in the three dimensions of space associated with a temporary (time) sequence. Physiologic processes relate to a wide spectrum of life activities on three levels: biochemical and biophysical activity of a subcellular nature, the activity of cells and tissues aggregated into organ systems, and multiorgan system activity as expressed in human behavior.
physiology, oral,
n the physiology related to clinical manifestations in the normal and abnormal behavior of oral structures. The principal clinical functions in which the oral structures participate are deglutition, mastication, respiration, speech, and head posture.

physiology

1. the science which deals with the functions of the living organism and its parts, and of the physical and chemical factors and processes involved.
2. the basic processes underlying the functioning of a species or class of organism, or any of its parts or processes.

cell physiology
the scientific study of phenomena involved in cell growth and maintenance, self-regulation and division of cells, interactions between nucleus and cytoplasm, and general behavior of protoplasm.
morbid physiology, pathological physiology
the study of disordered functions or of function in diseased tissues.
References in periodicals archive ?
of Miami) introduces readers to cell physiology in a practical manner, focusing on medical students, beginning graduate students in physiology, and those looking for a survey of cell physiology and membrane biophysics.
Emelianov continued, "Being able to look at molecular level cell physiology, and to do so in a living organism, will greatly facilitate our understanding of how cancer spreads from the micro to the macro level, giving unparalleled insights into how tumors grow and metastasize within human tissue.
The study in the Department of Cell Physiology and Pharmacology identified one of the key proteins involved in the process of memory and learning.
The eight sections by medical professors cover cell physiology, and the nervous, muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, renal, and endocrine systems.
The work was performed by researchers in the Department of Cardiology, Biomedical Research Center, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang Province, China and published in the Journal of Cell Physiology, December 30, 2010 [Epub ahead of print].
Because parasitoid venoms manipulate cell physiology in diverse ways, they may also provide an unexpected source for new drug development.
Among specific topics are deciphering Streptomyces lividans KcsA as a K channel, glutamate-activated channels, voltage-gated and inward rectifier K+ channels, and the role of bacterial channels in cell physiology.
If glutamine supplementation benefits red cell physiology in SCT athletes, it would represent an easy and safe therapy that could be incorporated into athletic training regimens.
Together, the aims of this ambitious project will significantly advance our understanding of PRC2 and its role in the establishment of chromatin states, which are crucial to embryonic stem cell physiology and deregulated in cancer.
A major advantage of this system is that the biological status of cells (including cell number, viability, morphology, and cytoskeletal dynamics) can be measured without the need for addition of chemical labels, which might in turn affect cell physiology.
Lund, co-senior author of the paper, is widely considered one of the world's foremost experts in retinal cell physiology and vision restoration.