genome

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Related to Cell genome: genomic DNA

genome

 [je´nōm]
the complete set of genes, hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes; the human genome has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 genes. adj., adj genom´ic.

ge·nome

(je'nōm, -nom),
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
See also: Human Genome Project.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project.
[gene + -ome, suffix denoting a defined system or microcosm, fr. G. -ōma, noun suffix]

genome

/ge·nome/ (je´nōm) the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes.genom´ic

genome

(jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.

ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

[jē′nōm]
Etymology: Gk, genein, to produce
the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell of a specific organism. genomic, adj.

genome

Genetic structure Genetics All the genetic information in an organism's chromosomes and mitochondria; its size is given in base pairs. See Base pair, Chromosome, Mitochondrial genome, Nuclear genome.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project
[G. genos, birth + (chromos) ome]

genome

The complete set of CHROMOSOMES, together with the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA, containing the entire genetic material of the cell.

genome

the complete complement of genetic material in a cell, or carried by an individual.

Genome

The genetic makeup of a cell, composed of DNA.
Mentioned in: Malignant Melanoma

genome

total gene complement of a set of chromosomes

genome

The complete set of genes in an individual. In humans it is estimated at approximately 30 000 genes and over three billion base pairs (two nucleotides joined together across a double helix) of DNA.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
Complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent; haploid number of a gamete.

genome (jē´nōm),

n the total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms.
genome, human,
n the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell.

genome

all of the genes carried by a gamete, i.e. the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the chromosomal DNA. For some viruses, the genome is RNA.

diploid genome
having two genetically identical RNA molecules of RNA, characteristic of retroviruses.
integrated genome
the integration of the viral DNA into the cellular DNA of the host, as occurs in some kinds of persistent infections and the induction of tumors.
segmented genome
the genome is composed of separate segments. A characteristic of some viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Upon doing so, it has the ability to insert (integrate) its DNA into the host cell genome after its convenient conversion to a double-stranded form by host cell enzymes.
Other technologies used to make iPS cells in animals over the past five years have mainly used viruses to deliver the necessary genes and the resulting cell lines can contain the uncertain results of DNA integration into the host cell genome.
The methods provide for a rapid method for introducing mutations and/or modifications of any type into a mammalian cell genome.
The a lac-Z gene, which changes nothing of the original neuronal cell genome, is used in the viral vector in place of the GAD gene to test for the effect of the presence of a viral vector on seizure activity.
The researchers found that in stably transformed HeLa cells, the integration event occurred at the right border of the Ti plasmid's T-DNA, exactly as would happen when it is being transferred into a plant cell genome.
This VEGF gene is vector-delivered into the myocardium, becomes incorporated into the myocardial cell genome, and then directs the development of collateral blood vessels in the heart.
The foreign gene construct which encodes a particular protein can be read and expressed in the host micro-organism only if it has been successfully integrated in the host cell genome and the gene construct includes "control regions" to guide the beginning and end of the reading process.
Once inside the macrophages, they take over the cell genome and force it to produce more virus--eventually killing the cell.
com) announced today that the Company and its collaborators have successfully generated induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from somatic cells using recombinant proteins, thereby creating an economical and expeditious way to generate stem cells while simultaneously eliminating any risk of modifying the target cell genome.
The CHO cell genome is known to be unstable and genes that are important for effective transcription, translation and secretion can be down-regulated or completely absent.
Buganim hypothesizes that SNEL may reprogram cells better than OSKM because it does not rely on the master regulators Oct4 and Sox2, which might activate part of the adult cell genome.
The team undertook several different research tactics and experiments, including single cell genome amplification, protein and metabolite profiling.