Expression and secretion of neural cell adhesion molecules
by human pituitary adenomas.
Most differentially expressed genes were combined with calcium ion, growth factor, and metal and were related to transmembrane receptor protein kinase's activity, cell adhesion molecules
, and nucleic acid kinase in the aspect of molecular function.
In response to pro-inflammatory stimuli, the surface expression of cell adhesion molecules
(CAMs) such as E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule
(VCAM)-1 are up-regulated in endothelial cells.
Cell-to-cell attachment between the trophectoderm of conceptuses and uterine epithelial cells is critical for the establishment of pregnancy (Dantzer, 1985), and a variety of cell adhesion molecules
are dynamically regulated during the implantation period in the uterine endometrium (Burghardt et al.
Circulating cell adhesion molecules
and endothelial markers before and after angioplasty in peripheral arterial occlusive disease.
Neuronal cell adhesion molecules
"are critical in the development of the nervous system, contributing to axonal guidance, synaptic formation and plasticity, and neuronal-glial interactions," the researchers explained, while the ubiquitin-proteasome system "operates pre- and post-synaptic compartments, regulating synaptic attributes, including transmitter release, synaptic vesicle recycling in pre-synaptic terminals, and dynamic changes in dendritic spines and the post-synaptic density.
The main cell adhesion molecules
involved in vertebrate morphogenesis are the cadherins (Takeichi, 1988).
The researchers found that viable embryos turned on genes that encode cell adhesion molecules
and cell communication proteins, the researchers reported online May 13 in an advance publication of Human Reproduction.
4) cells/mm2 for control tubes, whereas tubes coated with cell adhesion molecules
exhibited adhesion rates of 142.
The candidate genes involve a potassium channel, intra- and intercell-signaling molecules, enzymes that convert propeptides to biologically active peptides, phospholipid-signaling pathways, regulatory and developmental genes that could alter brain development and/or adult form and function, cell adhesion molecules
and their possible ligands, as well as those that encode proteins with unknown function.
Significantly higher levels of ET-1, intracellular adhesion molecules (ICAMs), vascular cell adhesion molecules
(VCAMs), and C-reactive protein were found in PCOS subjects, compared with controls.
The interaction between the activated endothelial and sickle cells led to increased expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules
, which promoted thromboric vaso-occlusion, causing the ulcer.