memory cell

(redirected from Cell (computer))
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.

memory cell

A cell derived from B or T lymphocytes that can quickly recognize a foreign antigen to which the body has been previously exposed. Memory T cells stimulate T helper lymphocytes and cytotoxic T cells; memory B cells stimulate the production of antigen-specific antibodies by B plasma cells. Both types of memory cells survive for years, providing a durable adaptive immune response against foreign antigens.
See also: cell

memory cell

(immunology) a LYMPHOCYTE that has had an initial exposure to a specific ANTIGEN and undergone limited proliferation, so that it will respond more quickly than an unprimed lymphocyte when subsequently exposed to that antigen. Such cells form the basis of immunological memory.