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Variant of celiac.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


Relating to the abdominal cavity.
Synonym(s): coeliac.
[G. koilia, belly]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


Pertaining to the cavity of the abdomen.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Patient discussion about coeliac

Q. Is celiac genetic? I have one son with celiac disease from my first marriage and me second wife is now pregnant,I was wondering what are the chances for this soon to be born daughter of mine to have celiac as well- if I maybe carry the genetic flaw and is there a way to find out?

A. Celiac disease is a very common illness (about 1 in a 100 people suffer from it in different levels), and it is known to have a strong genetic connection. However, there is not one specific mutation that you can get genetic testing to see if you are carrying it. Your soon to be born daughter will have a higher chance than the regular population to suffer from the disease, but it does not necessarily mean she will.

Q. How do you diagnose celiac? My daughter is 3 years old and is constantly vomiting, has diarrhea and stomach aches. Could this be celiac?

A. This could in fact be celiac. The initial step in screening should include: IgA endomysial antibodies (EMA), IgA tissue transglutaminase (tTG), IgG tissue transglutaminase and Total IgA antibodies. The patients with positive antibody tests, and those with an IgA deficiency, should have a small bowel biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and assess the degree of damage, which is performed endoscopically (looking inside the body by inserting a tube into it).

Q. Is FTT a symptom of celiac? My 1.5 year old son has FTT (failure to thrive) and stomach aches. What could be causing it?

A. Failure to thrive lacks a precise definition, in part because it describes a condition rather than a specific disease. Children who fail to thrive don't receive or are unable to take in, retain, or utilize the calories needed to gain weight and grow as expected. FTT can be caused from many different things: social factors, conditions involving the gastrointestinal system like gastroesophageal reflux, chronic diarrhea, cystic fibrosis, chronic liver disease, and celiac disease. From a chronic illness or medical disorder, an intolerance of milk protein, infections or metabolic disorders.

More discussions about coeliac
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References in periodicals archive ?
The only treatment for celiac disease is the strict, life-long adherence to a gluten-free diet.
It makes sense to me to view celiac disease--and the broader, as yet ill-defined condition known as "gluten sensitivity"--as having three different presentations that may or may not occur together.
I'm glad people are trying to find ways for celiacs to eat baked goods.
A new study found just what all people who have celiac disease or who are gluten intolerant have been waiting for: a safe form of wheat.
"When a gluten-free diet is strictly followed, long-standing health problems clear up." This is obvious for those with celiac disease, but for the people who suffer subtler forms of intolerance, it could take years to discover sensitivity.
The European medical community acknowledges celiac disease as the most commonly inherited metabolic disorder.
The medical-surgical nurse can better understand the manifestations of celiac disease by reviewing the concept of autoimmune disorders.
GIG provides support to people with celiac disease, dermatitis herpetiformis, and other gluten sensitivities.
The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in 12-year-old children with celiac disease compared to sex-matched referents and to investigate if early introduction of a gluten-free diet in children with celiac disease reduces the risk for developing autoimmune thyroid disease.
About one-half cup of dry uncontaminated oats per day has been shown to be safe in most children with celiac disease.
Although it is believed that many people with celiac disease may be undiagnosed, at this time there is insufficient evidence to support screening of the general population (NIH, 2004).
Often celiac disease is misdiagnosed as some other intestinal problem, such as irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel syndrome (IBS), spastic colon, colitis, bowel obstruction, diverticulitis as well as many others conditions.