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/cay·enne/ (ki-) (ka-yen´) capsicum.


Herbal medicine
A shrub, the fruit of which has both culinary and medicinal use; it contains capsaicin (an alkaloid), carotenoids, flavonoids, pungent principles, vitamins A and C, and volatile oil; it is antibacterial, diaphoretic, haemostatic, a stimulant, and is used topically as a counter-irritant for joint and muscle pain, neuralgias, low back pain, rheumatic pain and sprains; internally, cayenne is a cardiotonic and used for colds and respiratory complaints, indigestion, toothaches, hangovers and fatigue, especially in the elderly.

Excess cayenne may cause indigestion and vomiting.


Dried herbal remedy (and spice) made from Capsicum frutescens and other Capsicum spp.; both internal and external medicinal uses have been described (e.g., analgesic, therapy for GU problems).
Synonym(s): capsaicin, cayenne, hot pepper, red pepper.
[L., fr. capsa, box, case]


n Latin names:
Capsicum frutescens, Capsicum annuum; part used: capsaicin extract; uses: analgesia, arthritis, fibromyalgia, neuropathy, indigestion, gastroprotection (particularly that related to NSAID use), heart disease; precautions: pa-tients taking theophylline for asthma. Also called
capsicum, African pepper, bird pepper, chili, chili pepper, or
hot pepper.
References in periodicals archive ?
In April 2006, a 72-year-old man was admitted to a local hospital in Cayenne, French Guiana, for abdominal pain and a palpable epigastric mass.
Author affiliations: Universite des Antilles et de la Guyane, Cayenne, French Guiana (B.
Address for correspondence: Eric Legrand, Institut Pasteur-CNRCP, 23 Ave Pasteur, PO Box 6010, Cayenne, French Guiana 97306;email: elegrand@pasteur-cayenne.
CAYENNE, French Guiana, and DENVER, April 19 /PRNewswire/ --