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the relationship between cause and effect.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


The relating of causes to the effects they produce; the pathogenesis of disease and epidemiology, are largely concerned with causality.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


The relating of causes to the effects they produce; the pathogenesis of disease and epidemiology are largely concerned with causality.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


The relating of causes to the effects they produce; the pathogenesis of disease and epidemiology are largely concerned with causality.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about causality

Q. how is depression caused by having cancer treated? I mean not only the patient, also the family members who tend to get depressed by the situation. how can you treat thi skind of depression?

A. thanks guys, you are great. Nice to have such a community here.

Q. What causes fibromyalgia? Is fibromyalgia a deadly disease?

A. The causes of fibromyalgia are not known. But there are many theories such as abnormalities in brain chemicals, infections, trauma, genetics and hormonal changes. Factors such as poor sleep, fatigue, overexertion and anxiety, may aggravate the symptoms. Fibromyalgia is not a progressive or life-threatening condition, but it affects quality of life. Fibromyalgia is only a disorder of muscles and not a disease.

Q. Is that true that mouth sores are caused by lack of vitamins? I’ve been having white mouth sores in the past 6 months or so. Could that mean I have to take vitamin supplements?

A. yup ... autoimmune reactions means your immune system is not working well
it's not working well because it lacks the nutrient and vitamins it needs to function properly
- take lots of vitamin c to boost your immune system
- organic multivitamins
- organic juices high in anti oxidants
- and most important .. omega 3-6-9

More discussions about causality
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References in periodicals archive ?
To understand and to exploit causal relationships more effectively, strategic decision makers must take a pluralistic approach to comprehending causes.
However, as time goes by, the relative causal relationships might be changed due to different perceptions and understanding of the patient safety culture perceived by experts.
Though much of this is simply questionable intelligence, the excerpt also offers evidence of questionable causal relationships, as this NIE was evaluating the possibility of an anti-Castro uprising.
Thus, the causal relationships in a hypothesized mediation process, the simultaneous nature of the indirect and direct effects, and the dual role the mediator plays as both a cause for the outcome and an effect of the intervention are more appropriately expressed using structural equations than using regression analysis.
Table 1 Granger causality testing results Observations F-statistics p-value MS does not Granger Cause MB 125 2.18650 0.0933 MB docs not Granger Cause M2 125 2.68666 0.0497 IP_ CR does not Granger Cause M2 126 4.46532 0.0135 MS does not Granger Cause IP_CR 126 4.75212 0.0103 CPI does not Granger Cause MS 127 3.18623 0.0767 MS dues not Granger Cause CPI 127 8.48658 0.0042 The causal relationships that are bolded indicate the rejected null hypothesis, which occurs when we refuse negative claims about the causal relationships within the meaning of the Granger causality concept.
Holmlund, Lindahl, and Plug find that, despite the methodological problems inherent in many of the tools and techniques used to establish the causal relationship between parents' education levels and those of their children, the studies have been successful in the sense that they provide many new insights into the process by which parents transmit education to their children.
The analysis (Table 1) using grounded theory revealed that the product development tools that were studied are limited to internal causal relationships (main condition, organic structure; main context, internal structure; main strategy, cost; and main consequence, internal performance) with the phenomenon being studied.
The research team also found modest relationships supporting a causal relationship between intake of several other foods and vitamins and heart disease risk, including fish, omega-3 fatty acids from marine sources, folate, whole grains, alcohol, fruits, fibre and dietary vitamins E and C and beta carotene.
To document the causal relationships among aggregate consumption, output, and investment, I first estimate the following equations by ordinary least squares (6):
The National Panel is an independent body that strives to provide comprehensive and unbiased reviews and analyses, and which applies rigorous, systematic, and transparent research review methods in order to evaluate the scientific evidence for causal relationships between interventions and outcomes.
(2004) appropriately acknowledged that their study was a hypothesis-generating study and they did not attempt to draw conclusions about causal relationships.