Leaving causal assumptions unstated raises the risk of taking action in the strategic realm that is founded on inaccurate expectations of causal relationships
It has been concluded that we can distinguish four directions of the causal relationship
between energy consumption and economic growth, based on four hypotheses (Acaravci, 2010):
Results of the application of grounded theory show that the most important context of causal relationships
that affects the innovation process is the internal organizational structure (see Table 1) with less attention directed to external context relationships, such as customer requirements and regulations in that order.
The ALPHA node was then regressed on the remaining independent variables to identify significant causal relationships
(Appendix [ILLUSTRATION FOR EXHIBIT 2.
The strength and direction of causal relationships
are shown through the dynamic variance decomposition and the impulse response technique.
Thus, the investigation of existence of causal relationships
between the different factors has important policy implications.
Arising from an earlier concept of cognitive mapping, causal mapping is a term used in the fields of policy research, information technology, and organizational science, for a method of representing thought as a network of causal relationships
And Fernando Guerra, director of health with the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District, noted that the multi-agency National Children's Study "will provide for the first time an opportunity for children and families to benefit from the cumulative evidence that will be assembled over twenty-five years, to better understand causal relationships
from many different influences, including the environment.
Students in undergraduate Educational Psychology courses were taught to use Inspiration software to express their understanding of causal relationships
within learning theory and classroom systems.
Put together by the National Academy of Science's Committee to Review the Health Effects in Vietnam Veterans of Exposure to Herbicides, this report assesses whether a statistical association exists between herbicide exposure and specific health outcomes, the increased risk of disease to Vietnam veterans, and the possible biological mechanisms or other causal relationships
between herbicide exposure and disease.