Madagascar periwinkle

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Madagascar periwinkle

n.
A low-growing perennial plant (Catharanthus roseus) native to Madagascar, having pink or white flowers and cultivated as a groundcover and as a source of alkaloids used to treat diabetes, cancer, and other diseases. Also called rosy periwinkle.

Madagascar periwinkle

Herbal medicine
A subtropical plant that contains two anticancer alkaloids, vinblastine and vincristine; it has been used as a herb to treat stings and bleeding, and as a gargle for sore throat and respiratory complaints.
References in periodicals archive ?
Catharanthus roseus plants with phytoplasma infection were collected from Guanacaste, where Guazuma trees with subgroup 16SrXV-B phytoplasma infection are common; nevertheless, contrary to our preliminary hypothesis, the C.
(53.) Zhang, L., Guo, B., Li, H., Zeng, S., Shao, H., Gu, S., Wei, R., Preliminary study on the isolation of endophytic fungus of Catharanthus roseus and its fermentation to produce products of therapeutic value.
Quantitative (growth and physiological) and qualitative (sensory) analyses showed that white 'Boa noite' (Catharanthus roseus) plants can be produced using saline water of 2.5 dS [m.sup.-1], and plants of this treatment were the preferred ones by the judges in the sensory analysis.
Patharajan, "In-vitro antimicrobial and antifungal activity of Catharanthus roseus leaves extract against important pathogenic organisms," Academic Sciences, vol.
The analysis was proposed to investigate the antimicrobial activity of Catharanthus roseus according to the following plan of work.
Calcium chloride effects on salinity-induced oxidative stress, proline metabolism and indole alkaloid accumulation in Catharanthus roseus.
Although the following species are recognized as herbal medicines, they also have other applications: Acacia karroo (browse, firewood), Agave americana (live fence), Catharanthus roseus (ornamental), Centella coriacea Nannf.
Isolation, purification and characterization of vinblastine and vincristine from endophytic fungus Fusarium oxysporum isolated from Catharanthus roseus.
Results: The WST-1 and LDH assays showed that Catharanthus alkaloids were cytotoxic toward human leukemia cells to a greater extent than toward normal human endothelial cells, and the anti-proliferation and pro-apoptosis abilities of cathachunine were much more potent than other previously reported alkaloids.
Medicinal plant name Isolated compounds (structures are shown in Figure 1) Taxus baccata Cabazitaxel Colchium autumnale Colchicine (autumn crocus) Combretum caffrum Combretastatin Taxus species Docetaxol Glycyrrhiza uralensis Isoliquiritigenin Needles of yew trees Larotaxel Taxus baccata Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllotoxin Podophyllum emodi Taxus brevifolia Paclitaxel Polygonum roots, Peanut Resveratrol seeds, Berries and grapes Broussonetia papyrifera 2S-abyssinone II Verubulin Catharanthus roseus Vinblastine G.
Plant-derived commercial anticancer drugs (vinblastine and vincristine from Catharanthus roseus) are still produced by isolation from growing plants [32].