Catha edulis

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Cath·a ed·u·lis

(kath'ă ed'yū-lis),
A plant of Ethiopia and Arabia (family Celastraceae), cultivated for use as a stimulant; khat (the fresh leaves and twigs) is chewed or used in the preparation of a beverage; the active principle is pharmacologically related to the amphetamines, probably d-norisoephedrine.
[Ar. khat]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Drug slang A regional term for amphetamine
Herbal medicine A shrub with a high content of d-norpseudoephedrine, a CNS stimulant; consumed as a leaf—in a similar fashion to that of coca—khat increases alertness, relieves hunger and fatigue, and produces mild euphoria. See Herbal medicine
Substance abuse The dried bitter leaves of Catha edulis, an evergreen shrub from eastern Africa—e.g., Somalia, Ethiopia—and Yemen; khat is chewed for its stimulatory and euphoric effects by millions in the Saudi peninsula. It contains cathinone—a DEA Schedule I controlled substance—an amphetamine-like alkaloid, which causes excitement, euphoria and anorexia
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of chronic khat (Catha edulis, Forsk) use on outcome of Plasmodium berghei ANKA infection in Swiss albino mice.
Cytotoxicity of Khat (Catha edulis) extract on cultured mammalian cells: effects on macromolecule biosynthesis.
[20.] Zein Z (1988) Polydrug abuse among Ethiopian university students with particular reference to khat (Catha edulis).
Engidawork, "Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Catha edulis F.
An assessment of possible health risks of using DDT and Farmers' Perception towards toxicity of pesticides used on Khat (Catha edulis): In Haromaya Woreda, Ethiopia: Addis Ababa University..
Svstemic biases, some of which can be traced to its historical association with Muslims, often punctuate more recent research and critiques of Catha edulis. When it comes to the idiosyncratic characteristics of this Afro-Arab commodity, indigenous knowledge is paramount.
The content of psychoactive phenylpropyl and phenylpentenyl khatamines in Catha edulis Forsk of different origin.
Regular Khat (Catha edulis) chewing is associated with elevated diastolic blood pressure among adults in Butajira, Ethiopia: a comparative study.
Khat, Catha edulis, qat, q'at, qaat, kath, kat, gat, miraa, murungu, tohai, herari, jaad, kaad, oral, oral health, dental, dental health, periodontal, periodontal health, tooth, tooth loss, gingivitis and periodontal pocketing were used as key words in various combinations using a Boolean search technique.
The leaves and shoots of khat, the shrub Catha edulis, are chewed to obtain mild euphoria.
Khat is the common name for the leaves, stems and shoots of the plant of the species Catha edulis and is chewed in a social setting, typically at home, at parties and in khat cafes.