DSM-5 defines brief psychotic disorder as positive symptoms or disorganized or catatonic behavior
appearing suddenly and lasting between 1 day to 1 month.
The diagnosis of schizophrenia includes two or more of the following: positive symptoms, disorganized speech, disorganized or catatonic behavior
, and negative symptoms.
Patient responded to treatment with steroids, Hyroxychloroquine and azathioprine in addition to clonazepam and fluoxetine for her catatonic behavior
Further, a person suffering from the disease may experience disorganized or catatonic behavior
, lack feeling and lose ability to function at work.
Of course there are obvious characteristics of mental illness that cannot be confused with giftedness, in my opinion as a Mental Health Peer Advocate, that encompass apathy, changes in movement, visual and auditory hallucinations, major delusions, catatonic behavior
, incoherence, violence, and self abuse.
An individual diagnosed with a Brief Psychotic Disorder (DSM-IV, 1994), a severe mental disorder identified by either having delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, or grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior
lasting between 1 day and 1 month, will have a full return to his/her premorbid level of functioning.
In addition to symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, the inability to disregard familiar stimuli (sometimes referred to as sensory gating), disorganized speech, grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior
and prolonged loss of emotion, feeling, volition or drive, schizophrenia is often marked by impairment in cognitive functions, such as attention, vigilance, memory and reasoning.