disaster

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disaster

 [dĭ-zas´ter]
a situation that produces damage and varying amounts of destruction; there is a three-tiered classification for disasters, based on the number of casualties. See also emergency.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Global village A cataclysmic event in which there is a loss of multiple lives and/or major property damage
Nuclear physics Decay disaster
Public health Any unanticipated event that requires urgent response to bring people and/or property out of harm’s way in order to minimise loss of life or destruction of property
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

disaster

Public health Any unanticipated event that requires urgent response, bringing people and/or property out of harm's way in order to minimize loss of life or destruction of property; disasters are described by certain parameters Vox populi A cataclysmic event in which there is a loss of multiple lives and/or major property damage. See Climatologic disaster, Geological disaster, Man-made disaster, Natural disaster, Tsunami.
Disaster classifications
Nature, ie either
1. Natural, geophysical–eg earthquakes, volcanoes or weather-related–eg floods, hurricanes.
2. Man-made–transportation-related, structural collapse, war, hazardous materials, explosions, fires
Location Single site–eg explosion or multiple sites–eg hurricanes
Predictability Regular–eg hurricane season or sporadic–eg toxic spill
Onset Gradual–eg armed conflict or abrupt–eg accident
Duration Brief–eg natural disaster or extended–eg armed conflict
Frequency Often–eg flood, or rare–eg fire
.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

DISASTER

(di-zas'tĕr)
An acronymic paradigm developed by the American Medical Association to assist in organizing the reaction to a mass-casualty incident. The components of the acronym are D for disaster, I for incident command, S for scene security and safety, A for assess hazards, S for support, T for triage and treatment, E for evacuation, and R for recovery.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
property and casualty underwriters have barely $100 billion in capital with which to pay insured losses, several major catastrophes occurring over a relatively short period of time (or a spate of minor ones) could seriously cripple this vital industry.
This avalanche behavior can occur in any complex system that automatically organizes itself into a so-called critical state, precariously poised on the edge of catastrophe.
"As the number of properties in highly-exposed areas of the world and the overall penetration of insurance increase, insured losses from natural catastrophes will only continue to rise."
But as far as day-today underwriting, it's having some effect but not as measurable as the effect being had by catastrophes."
* Natural catastrophes and man-made disasters had an economic cost of $165 billion during 2018, with around $155 billion resulting from natural catastrophes and the remainder from man-made events.
Carriers Increasingly Dinged by 'Secondary' Catastrophe Perils : Swiss Re
Yet, while exposure for the reinsurers who cover these catastrophes has increased over the last five years due to climate change, their rates have not.
Data is vital for catastrophe modeling, as well as for determining industry exposure and industry loss estimates.
Catastrophes are generally assessed by physical, social, and economic severity measures to provide an estimate of the potential and actual damage (e.g.
In 1987, AIR Worldwide founded the catastrophe modeling industry and today models the risk from natural catastrophes, terrorism, pandemics, casualty catastrophes, and cyber attacks globally.
To correct its rating analysis to reflect the natural catastrophe risk, Fitch used a combination of the two rating criteria.

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