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A decision-making method used in biomedical ethics; based on previous experience with similar cases.
[L. casus, case]
References in periodicals archive ?
Josef Ghoos has demonstrated that through the 16th century, casuists debated isolated concrete cases.
Likewise, in the 20th century, casuists considered the chaotic case of a person inevitably dying in terrible pain.
It did this by a fairly broad selection of methodological principles that allowed casuists to recognize new claims that were not covered by the material principles.
Casuists have taken these insights and insisted that, prior to principles, casuistry engages the concrete.
49) The casuists argue that their practices and solutions eventually articulate the principles; the principles do not solve the cases.
If they do not answer those questions, if they believe that casuistry gives us answers from cases and not from our own reasoning processes, then casuists might just as well look for solutions from a Ouija board.
The casuists invoke the traditional list of circumstances (who, what, when, where, why, how, and by what means) to bring the relevant facts to the surface.
By ignoring the insights of the casuists and rejecting their use of moral discernment for a more principled but grossly simplistic approach to moral issues, we do humanity a disservice that has produced bitter fruit.
For the casuist, as for the lawyer and the physician, the particular circumstances make the case.
torts or agency) on which to hang her case, so the experienced practical philosopher will know which theory to invoke in any particular context and just as the good lawyer will seek to persuade through the marshalling of all available considerations, the experienced casuist will employ a "rhetorical" rather than a narrowly deductive style of argumentation.