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A decision-making method used in biomedical ethics; based on previous experience with similar cases.
[L. casus, case]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The fearful Jesuit morality, explained (and practised) by its casuists, with its mental restrictions and its subtleties, its equivocations and its condescensions, seeped in everywhere, like a slow poison; it disrupted society morally, it broke up the spirit of the family, it corrupted the conscience with constant swings in the notion of duty, and destroyed the character by deceiving and weakening it.
The casuists presaged another emerging group of bioethicists who call themselves "pragmatic" bioethicists.
Protestant casuists called their art by a different name ("case divinity" or "cases of conscience"), but remained heavily indebted to the Catholic casuists.
A good arguer, unlike a good analytic philosopher, must be a good casuist. And, despite the latter's claims, a good casuist is not necessarily morally bankrupt (Strong 327).
Bireley introduces a modern and schematic division between "holy war" (a providential war, involving a divine call) and a "religious war" (one merely fought for the advancement or defence of religion); this division obscures more subtle distinctions made by seventeenth-century casuists and theologians.
It is not a text to be parsed, by ingenious legal casuists, into a permission for coercive interrogations that cross the line, as in Abu Ghraib.
The audience he was targeting is made clear in a letter written to Father Leonard de Sainte-Catherine-de-Sienne at the moment of publication, where he confides that many issues are being raised that have not been touched upon before and will be of much use to theologians, casuists, doctors, jurists and anatomists (Venette, cited in Flouret, 1992: 44).
It may not satisfy the legal casuists, but Farber's conclusion has a certain plausibility: "[O]ne fact is crucial.
(2) Defining the anti-Machiavellian tradition by its incorporation of practical concerns into a Christian world view, Robert Bireley points out that "Anti-Machiavellian statecraft was the product not of philosophers and theorists but of political writers and moralists or casuists who sought by careful analysis the application of general principles to new and specific situations" (238-9).
Casuists and particularists emphasize the inadequacies of such theories for real-life decision-making and conclude that efforts to systematize and find general theoretical justification for our moral choices and judgments are misconceived.
The significance of this recharacterization is that sinderesis is understood by the Doctor to connect each of us to God through our own faculties." (62) As we have seen, the medieval ecclesiastical chancellor could be regarded as being authoritative on matters of conscience--something about which Protestant casuists complained.
In contrast to the grammatical oriented casuists' approach to morality, Smith was part of a movement to discover a simple and clear guide to questions of morality and judgment (Hont and Ignatieff, 1983; Langford, 1989; Lindgren, 1973); they found it in an individual's own instantaneous and prereasoned, intuitive-like feelings.