cassia

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Related to Cassia occidentalis: Senna occidentalis

cassia

(kăsh′ə)
n.
1. Any of various chiefly tropical or subtropical trees, shrubs, or herbs of the genus Cassia in the pea family, having pinnately compound leaves, usually yellow flowers, and long, flat or cylindrical pods.
2.
a. A tropical evergreen tree (Cinnamomum aromaticum syn. C. cassia) of East and Southeast Asia, having aromatic inner bark.
b. The bark of this tree, often ground and used as a spice. It is the chief source of cinnamon in the United States.

Cinnamon cassia

Chinese medicine
A tree native to southeast Asia which has analgesic, astringent and diaphoretic principles. In Chinese herbal medicine, the bark and twigs are used for different indications: cinnamon bark is used for anorexia, abdominal pain, asthmatic wheezing, diarrhoea, fatigue, impotence, infertility, loss of libido and urinary frequency; cinnamon twigs are used for arthritis, colds, fibroids, low-grade fever and painful menses. Both may be use in Raynaud phenomenon, to improve vision and as a cardiovascular tonic.

Cassia

legume genus of the Caesalpiniaceae family of plants; contain anthraquinone glycosides which causes diarrhea and myopathy. Includes C. acutiflora (senna), C. arachoides, C. barclayana, C. didymobotrya, C. floribunda, C. obtusiflora (sicklepod), C. roemeriana. Many species in the genus have been reclassified as Senna spp.

Cassia occidentalis
causes degeneration of striated muscle with a consequent myoglobinuria and atrophy of skeletal muscles and cardiomyopathy of sufficient extent to cause death. Called also coffee senna, wild coffee.
References in periodicals archive ?
Group III: The rabbits were treated as in Group II; but the difference was of administration of Cassia occidentalis suspension which was given orally for 4 weeks at the dose of 250mg/kg body weight after 5 weeks of iron load as described by (Sharma et al.
The Cassia occidentalis leaves were procured from the herbal market and their identification was confirmed by the Botanist of Botany Department GC University Lahore.
Key words: cattle, intoxication, Cassia occidentalis, symptoms, biochemistry, histopathology.
Cassia occidentalis (Senna occidentalis), conocida vulgarmente como cafetillo, es una planta capaz de provocar necrosis de musculo esqueletico, higado y corazon en rumiantes (1,11,19), cerdos (14), equinos (12,16) y aves de corral (15).
Multicellular trichomes were observed in Cassia fistula on both abaxial and adaxial epidermis, whereas in Cassia occidentalis and Dalbergia sisso only adaxial side possessed trichomes.
It was observed that the pollen grain of Cassia occidentalis was smaller in size 26.
Table 4, illustrates the larval (I to IV) and pupal mortality data of malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi after the treatment of methanolic extracts of Cassia occidentalis at different concentrations.
The methanolic extracts of Datura metel, Cocculus hirsutus and Cassia occidentalis were much effective when compared with ethanol and acetone extracts.
Cassia occidentalis poisoning--as the probable cause of hepatomyoencephalopathy in children in western Uttar Pradesh.
Cassia occidentalis poisoning causes fatal coma in children in western Uttar Pradesh.
Multicellular trichomes were observed in Cassia angustifolia on both abaxial and adaxial epidermis whereas in Cassia occidentalis and Dalbergia obovata only adaxial side possessed trichomes.
Authors thank Dr Sarvesh Kumar, Joint-Director, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun (Uttarakhand) for helping in identifying the weed and providing detailed literature on Cassia occidentalis.