casein

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casein

 [ka´se-in]
a phosphoprotein, the principal protein of milk, that is the basis of curd and of cheese. Casein, usually in the form of one of its salts, is added to the other ingredients of the diet to increase its protein content. note: In British nomenclature casein is called caseinogen, and paracasein is called casein.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ca·sein

(cā'sē-in, kā'sēn),
The principal protein of cow's milk and the chief constituent of cheese. It is insoluble in water, soluble in dilute alkaline and salt solutions, forms a hard insoluble plastic with formaldehyde, and is used as a constituent of some glues; various components are designated α-, β-, and κ-caseins. β-Casein is converted to γ-casein by milk proteases. There are several isoforms of α-casein. κ-Casein is not precipitated by calcium ions.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

casein

(kā′sēn′, -sē-ĭn)
n.
A protein that is the major protein in the milk of most mammals. It is the basis of cheese and is used in food products and in certain adhesives and paints.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ca·sein

(kā'sēn)
The principal protein of cow's milk and the chief constituent of cheese.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

casein

A protein derived from CASEINOGEN in milk by the action of renin in the stomach.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

casein

a milk protein precipitated out of milk in acid conditions or by the action of RENNIN. It is the principal protein in cheese.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Patient discussion about casein

Q. Is it true that Casein protein can cause Cancer, or is harmful to the human body? Someone left a comment on my blog about Casein protein being bad for the body and that it could lead to Cancer. Is this true?

A. I am not familiar with such information, Casein is a protein that is found in large amounts in breastmilk and milk products replacements for babies and as far as I know it has no such affect.

Q. I keep on hearing about "gluten" and "casein". What are those? When I was researching about autism in the net, I keep on hearing about "gluten" and "casein". What are those?

A. These are protein fractions in wheat and milk. Research suggests they are not digested normally in most persons with autism but are incompletely broken down into absorbable molecules. Many people with autism show some improvement when these two dietary proteins are omitted.

More discussions about casein
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References in periodicals archive ?
Key words: Kappa casein protein polymorphism, milk production traits, parity, season of calving.
A recent study in humans has confirmed that BCM-7 is produced in the digestive system following the intake of milk casein protein. (10) This study found detectable bovine BCM7 in the small intestinal effluents of adults fed 30 grams of milk casein protein.
Comparative effects of whey and casein proteins on satiety in overweight and obese individuals: a randomised controlled trial.
Since this relationship had previously been established and the intent of the current study was to determine whether differences between the whey and casein protein supplements exist, omitting a control group was deemed acceptable.
Knowledge of the benefits of casein protein, however, is still limited among mainstream consumers.
Casein protein polymers are also very reactive with various organic reagents such as formaldehyde, acid anhydrides, acyl chlorides, and carbon disulfide.
It is especially beneficial for children as the A2 beta casein protein it contains makes it closely akin to human milk.
The formula was created using a special method of acid processing of the casein protein in cow's milk that preserves the biologic activity of the naturally occurring transforming growth factor (TGF)-[beta].
MOTHERS' MILK NUTRITIONAL CONTENT OF 100 GRAMS (ONE FEEDING) Energy 69 calories Water 87.1 g Carbohydrate 7.2 g Fat 4.1 g Saturated fatty acids 1.8 g Monounsaturated fatty acids 0.6 g Polyunsaturated fatty acids 0.5 g Whey Protein 0.9 g Casein Protein 0.4 g Total sugars 7.2 g Cholesterol 16 mg Nitrogen 200 mg Potassium 58 mg Chloride 42 mg Calcium 34 mg Sodium 15 mg Phosphorus 15 mg Magnesium 3 mg Zinc 0.3 mg Iron 0.07 mg Copper 0.04 mg Iodine 7 mcg Selenium 1 mcg Manganese Trace Vitamin C 4 mg Biotin 0.7 mg Trypt/60 0.5 mg Pantothenate 0.25 mg Niacin 0.2 mg Riboflavin 0.03 mg Thiamin 0.02 mg Vitamin [B.sub.6] 0.01 mg Retinol 58 mcg Carotene 24 mcg Folate 5 mcg Vitamin E 0.34 mcg Vitamin D 0.04 mcg Vitamin [B.sub.12] Trace Lipase Enzyme Trace
Wheat protein concentrates are a suitable alternative to other protein supplements like whey and casein protein. As whey is made from dairy products, wheat protein concentrates is a plant-based protein and not made from dairy products.
The curd part of milk is also a valuable protein and is marketed as casein protein. It is more slowly absorbed after ingestion and maybe a better answer for sustaining protein availability over the day or overnight.
Supplements with whey and casein protein, because of their "high protein digestibility, corrected amino acid score and ability to increase muscle protein mass, meet athletes' post-workout needs.