cartesian

(redirected from Cartesianism)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

car·te·sian

(kar-tē'zhŭn),
Relating to Cartesius, latinized form of Descartes.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Cartesian

Relating to the philosophy, methods or coordinates of (Des)cartes, who proposed the notion of a mind-body dualism (‘ghost in the machine’) which has haunted medical thought ever since, but which is now beginning to be rejected by many of those with enough interest to consider the matter. (Rene Descartes, 1596–1650, French mathematician and philosopher)
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Descartes,

René, French philosopher, mathematician, physiologist, 1596-1650.
cartesian - relating to Cartesius, latinized form of Descartes.
Descartes law - for two given media, the sine of the angle of incidence bears a constant relation to the sine of the angle of refraction. Synonym(s): law of refraction
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
(10) Thus, all that was accomplished by Phenomenology was an understanding of the origination of the Cartesian duality in such a way as to disabuse Cartesianism of its ontological pretensions.
Self-consciously or not, they frequently did so in order to update Aristotle who, as Kors, Northeast, and many other scholars have long noted, had been dealt a damaging blow by Cartesianism. The Jesuit Synthesis, as originally conceived by the Jesuits themselves, can then be considered an update of their prevailing Aristotelianism in order to meet the demands of Cartesian, Gassendo-Lockian, and Spinozistic extremes--another point I develop at great length in Rise and Fall of Theological Enlightenment.
The return to the origin--or its "divination"--which marks the entire Scienza nuova might then be more properly imagined as a return to the origin of philosophy, which is neither Plato (unable, as we have seen, to answer the Cartesianism that sweeps the "new" Naples) nor Aristotle.
On this Culler is unequivocal: this order of vraisemblance, he says, "is what we should today call an ideology: 'a body of maxims and prejudices which constitute both a vision of the world and a system of values'" (144).(5) To be defined as "a discourse which requires no justification because it seems to derive directly from the structures of the world" (140), the "text of l'habitude" expresses everywhere as natural Cartesianism's particular conception of being and being-in-the-world.
But there were just such alterations to Cartesianism in the course of post-Kantian idealism.
They cover from natural philosophy to theology, anatomy, and metaphysics: Steno and Cartesianism, the natural history of the Earth, and Steno at the Medici court.
The upshot is that physics and philosophy alike must learn to start their work not from the lofty abstractions of Cartesianism, but from the lived experiences of subjects who share a common world.
Sidney Shoemaker's 'Kripke and Cartesianism' explores Kripke's trenchant challenge to materialism about the mind.
Huet's particular target was Cartesianism, which in the new Republic of Letters became a fad, a "cultural event" with a tenuous connection to the philosophy of Descartes--which Huet also rejected after an initial flirtation, but which he at least was willing to engage seriously.
Ablondi places Cordemoy within seventeenth-century thought and breaks down his attachment to atomism, occasionalism and Cartesianism in turn, explaining Cordemoy's approach and methods as well as his results.
The history of Cartesianism in the Netherlands has been well studied and Vermij has not much to add.
We learn that Pope John Paul II and Maritain are critics of Descartes' philosophy because Cartesianism turns modern man away from "being" and focuses instead on "knowledge" or ideas in the mind and looks upon nature as an object for mastery and exploitation.