carrageenan

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car·ra·gee·nan

, carrageenin (kar'ă-gē'nan, -nin),
A polysaccharide vegetable gum obtained from Irish moss; a galactosan sulfate resembling agar in molecular structure.
Synonym(s): carrageen (2) , carragheen
[Carragheen, Irish village]

carrageenan

, carrageenin (kar?a-gen'an) [ carrageen]
The colloid extract from carrageen, used as a demulcent and thickening agent in medicines and foods.
Synonym: Irish moss See: carrageen; Chondrus
References in periodicals archive ?
In response to Tobacman's article, the FDA did another review and deemed carrageenan safe.
In 2014, researchers showed that exposure of human colonic epithelial cells in culture and of mouse colonic epithelium in vivo to low concentrations of carrageenan activated the Wnt/[beta]-catenin signaling pathway, leading to increases in nuclear p-catenin, T-cell factor/lymphoid enhancer factor activation, and cyclin D1 expression.
New production technologies recently developed by Cargill not only allow the company to use alternative and more secure raw material sources for its carrageenans, but also enable improved functionality of the seaweed extracts.
To provide customers with the benefits of this improved functionality, a new family of carrageenan products has been brought to the market, forming the Satiagel[TM] range for the dairy market.
In then process industries, the online estimation of carrageenan by using underwater acoustic techniques (Malika Toubal, 2003) and artificial intelligence can be immensely useful in the quality control.
Carrageenan extracted from the Euchema spinosum (Sabah seaweed) Seaweed by the "Borneo Marine Research Institute, University of Malaysia Sabah" is used in this experiment.
Red algae contain often non-stoichiometrically sulphated carrageenans.
The aim of this study was to elucidate suitable processing conditions for extracting carrageenans from the biomass of the Kassari Bay algal community.
Carthew has raised issues pertaining to the role of human intestinal flora on the effects related to carrageenan and the possibility of interspecies variation in the toxicity of carrageenan.
Hence, these data cannot be used to declare that the colon cancer-promoting effect of food-grade carrageenan is a "rodent-specific phenomenon" and that it requires a rodent intestinal microbiologic flora.
Degraded carrageenan in food-grade carrageenan 25% of total carrageenans in eight food-grade [kappa]-carrageenans had MW < 100,000 9% of total carrageenan in eight food-grade [kappa]-carrageenans had MW < 50,000 Production of degraded carrageenan by acid hydrolysis of food-grade carrageenan In simulated gastric fluid (including pepsin and HCL}, [kappa]- carrageenan at pH 1.
The data with regard to intestinal effects of carrageenan seem sufficient to mandate restriction of carrageenan intake.