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Related to carnitine deficiency: L-carnitine
a condition associated with many disorders of fatty acid oxidation. Fatty acids are linked to carnitine as they are transported across the inner mitochondrial membrane; errors in this process lead to problems with energy production; patients may experience episodes of hypoglycemia or metabolic acidosis and may have encephalopathy, cardiomyopathy or skeletal muscle weakness.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
carnitine deficiencyA condition caused by decreased carnitine palmityl transferase; failure of carnitine transport in kidney, muscle, fibroblasts; cobalamin deficiency; electron transfer flavoprotein deficiency; Fanconi syndrome; isovaleric acidemia; medium-chain acylCoA dehydrogenase deficiency; methylmalonic; and propionic acidemias. Patients receiving valproate for seizure disorders may develop a toxicity syndrome with associated carnitine deficiency.
Myoglobinuria, renal failure, hypoglycaemia, hypotonia, hepatomegaly, hepatic coma, congestive heart failure, neurologic changes (progressive myasthenia, encephalopathy), lethargy, coma, death, cardiomegaly, cardiac arrest and impaired growth and development.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
carnitine deficiencyMetabolic disease A condition caused by ↓ carnitine palmityl transferase, failure of carnitine transport in kidney, muscle, fibroblasts or cobalamin deficiency, electron transfer flavoprotein deficiency, Fanconi syndrome, isovaleric acidemia, medium chain acylCoA dehydrogenase deficiency, methylmalonic and propionic acidemias; Pts receiving valproate for seizure disorders may develop a toxicity syndrome with associated carnitine deficiency Clinical Myoglobinuria, renal failure, hypoglycemia, hypotonia, hepatomegaly, hepatic coma, CHF, neurologic changes–progressive myasthenia, encephalopathy, lethargy, coma, death, cardiomegaly, cardiac arrest, impaired growth and development
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.