cardioplegia

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cardioplegia

 [kahr″de-o-ple´jah]
arrest of myocardial contraction, as by use of chemical compounds or cold in cardiac surgery. adj., adj cardiopleg´ic.

car·di·o·ple·gi·a

(kar'dē-ō-plē'jē-ă),
1. Paralysis of the heart.
2. An elective stopping of cardiac activity temporarily by injection of chemicals, selective hypothermia, or electrical stimuli.
[cardio- + G. plēgē, stroke]

car·di·o·ple·gi·a

(kahr'dē-ō-plē'jē-ă)
1. Paralysis of the heart.
2. An elective temporary cessation of cardiac activity by injection of chemicals, selective hypothermia, or electrical stimuli and used to perform surgery on the heart.
[cardio- + G. plēgē, stroke]

cardioplegia

Deliberate temporary stopping of the heart beat (contractions) in the course of heart surgery, either by cooling or by means of drugs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thomas' cardioplegic solutions. Substrate (mM) [HTK.sup.*+] [St.
We hypothesized that a single dose of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) could offer superior myocardial protection than cold crystalloid cardioplegic solution in these high-risk patients.
The myocardial protection of HTK cardioplegic solution on the long-term ischemic period in pediatric heart surgery.
The role of cardioplegic solution buffering in myocardial protection.
The effect of different cardioplegic solutions on NO release from the coronary vasculature during cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with type II diabetes has not been characterized.
Although the release of ET-1 during CPB in diabetic population has been studied, the effect of CPB and cardioplegic solutions on NO production in the same patient population is not clear.
Metabolic responses are further affected by anesthesia, heparin, protamine, the cardioplegic solution, and activation of complement.