Lack of fresh air in the jail was hampering blood circulation in his cardiac veins
, they argued.
Three-dimensional volume rendering and maximum intensity projection reconstruction were performed on a workstation (GE ADW 4.6; GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA) to obtain general information regarding the anatomy of the cardiac veins.
Despite this adjustment, veins other than the proximal coronary veins (the CS, middle cardiac vein, small cardiac vein, and posterior vein) were not visualized optimally.
The coronary sinus commences at the point where the oblique vein of the left atrium joins the great cardiac vein. The sinus receives the middle and small cardiac veins close to its junction with the right atrium.
The Cardiac Veins and Retrograde Coronary Venous Perfusion.
(9) The Thebesian valve always contains muscular fibres and its variations (Especially when the ostial valve of the middle cardiac vein is derived from it) may cause difficulties when pacing the coronary sinus.
The great cardiac vein and the coronary sinus were commonly embedded in the subepicardial fat of the posterior atrioventricular groove.
Contrary to human, pig, and dog heart where major lymphatic precollectors/collectors accompany coronary artery branches, in the mouse and rat hearts these vessels accompany branches of cardiac veins (are in a close proximity to major cardiac veins).
This may indicate that cardiac lymphatics may derive from the earliest cardiac veins. On the other hand, Prox-[1.sup.+]/Lyve-[1.sup.-] strands of cells, clusters, and finally tubules were found to invade the great arteries from the mediastinum of mouse fetuses at 12-13 dpc (Figure 2) and Prox-[1.sup.+]/[QH1.sup.+] strands of cells of quail fetuses at HH 26-36 stages, respectively [24,25].
The company said the system helps physicians determine the most appropriate location for left-ventricular lead placement by generating 3-D images of the cardiac veins
; enhanced software for the system will be commercially available later this year that also analyzes the motion of select cardiac vessels on the left side of the heart.
The system is designed to help physicians determine the most appropriate location for left-ventricular lead placement by generating 3-D images of the cardiac veins
; enhanced software for the system will be commercially available later this year that also analyzes the motion of select cardiac vessels of the left side of the heart.
SUMMARY: The coronary sinus (SC) is the main end of the cardiac veins
, being the principal vein of the heart, draining all its blood, except that driven by the anterior cardiac veins
and the minimum cardiac veins