cardiac failure


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heart fail·ure

1. inadequacy of the heart so that as a pump it fails to maintain the circulation of blood, with the result that congestion and edema develop in the tissues;
See also: forward heart failure, backward heart failure, right ventricular failure, left ventricular failure. Synonym(s): cardiac failure, cardiac insufficiency, congestive heart failure, myocardial insufficiency
2. resulting clinical syndromes include shortness of breath, pitting or nonpitting edema, enlarged tender liver, engorged neck veins, and pulmonary rales in various combinations.

heart failure

The loss of the heart’s ability to effectively pump blood, which may affect the right, left, or both sides of the heart. With the loss of pumping action on the right side, blood may back up into other areas of the body (e.g., the liver, GI tract, extremities); the heart may be unable to pump blood efficiently to or through the lungs.

Heart failure syndromes
Acute heart failure
Abrupt onset of dyspnoea, pulmonary oedema, left-sided heart disease.

Circulatory collapse 
Hypotension, oliguria, poor peripheral circulation, cold blue extremities.
• Cardiogenic—Acute left ventricular disease—e.g., acute myocardial infarction.
• Peripheral—e.g., blood loss, gram-negative septicaemia.

Chronic heart failure
Dyspnoea, poor exercise tolerance, peripheral oedema, two-pillow sleeping, chronic lung disease.

Heart failure signs at autopsy
Pulmonary and pedal oedema—sensitive but nonspecific; also, hepatic congestion, bilateral pleural effusions ± ascites, ventricular hypertrophy or dilation, clear history of heart failure or treatment with a diuretic, beta blocker, or ACE inhibitor.

cardiac failure

See Congestive heart failure, Heart failure, Left heart failure, Right heart failure.

Patient discussion about cardiac failure

Q. What Is the Treatment for Congestive Heart Failure? My mother is 76 years ols and has been suffering from a heart disease for many years. Lately she has developed congestive heart failure. How is this situation treated?

A. In addition to everything else, she might try CoQ10, a supplement available at most nutrition stores.

"Congestive heart failure has been strongly correlated with significantly low blood and tissue levels of CoQ10 ....

[In numerous studies] treatment with CoQ10 significantly improved heart muscle function while producing no adverse effects or drug interactions."

http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/coenzq10.html

Q. congestive heart failure how it works is it to do with fluid built up in your body

A. Congestive heart failure (CHF), or heart failure, is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to the body's other organs. The "failing" heart keeps working but not as efficiently as it should. People with heart failure can't exert themselves because they become short of breath and tired.
As blood flow out of the heart slows, blood returning to the heart through the veins backs up, causing congestion in the tissues. Often swelling (edema) results. Most often there's swelling in the legs and ankles, but it can happen in other parts of the body, too. Sometimes fluid collects in the lungs and interferes with breathing, causing shortness of breath, especially when a person is lying down.
Heart failure also affects the kidneys' ability to dispose of sodium and water. The retained water increases the edema.

Q. describe the symptoms of congestive heart failure

A. From my own expierience, EM24 gave an accurate answer. My edema also affects my hands as well as ankles. I was given a Xopenex HFA inhaler to use if lungs are affected.

More discussions about cardiac failure
References in periodicals archive ?
* taking a three-generation family history, keeping in mind the lack of specificity of cardiac failure symptoms and the possibility of unknown and unreliable family histories
Journal of cardiac failure 2006; 12: 307-13.[CrossRef]
Cardiovascular disease is the most common disease in elderly and also one of the indexes reflecting the prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndrome; aging is an important risk factor of the occurrence and development of coronary heart disease.3,4 Cardiac failure is usually induced after the occurrence of AMI in the elderly.
A multidisciplinary team (MDT) meeting discussed the feasibility of cardiac surgery given the severity of congestive cardiac failure, and it was concluded that surgery would not be in the patient's best interests.
When compared with obese people who show eucapnia, those with OHS show higher chances of developing systemic hypertension, cardiac failure, and angina.
It is noted that proinflammatory mediators such as IL-6 and TNF-alpha play an important role in development of congestive cardiac failure and acute myocardial infarction.
It is recognised that in patients with high-output cardiac failure secondary to an AVF, reduction in AVF flow can restore left ventricular function, and ultimately the condition is reversible (Chapman et al., 2012; Engleberts et al., 1995; Young et al., 1998).
Clinical outcomes including death and significant morbidity such as congestive cardiac failure peripheral embolisation and neurological complications were also documented.
Commenting on the case this week, Hunei Police Precinct chief Weng Chun-neng said that cold temperatures and over-exhaustion from intense game-playing likely contributed to Hsieh's cardiac failure.
DENMARK -- In a cohort study, a doubled risk of cardiac failure was associated with the use of clarithromycin (e.g., Biaxin[R]) when compared with penicillin V.
Elsie Ridgeway suffered a fractured femur when her legs gave way at Ysbyty Gwynedd, Bangor, and died two days later of cardiac failure.
The last death was in 2012 when Claire Squires, 30, from North Kilworth, Leicestershire, collapsed a mile from the finishing line and died later from cardiac failure.