caput medusae

(redirected from Caput medusa)

caput

 [kap´ut] (pl. cap´ita) (L.)
anatomical terminology for the expanded or chief extremity of an organ or part.
caput medu´sae the dilated cutaneous veins around the umbilicus, seen mainly in the newborn and in patients suffering from cirrhosis of the liver.
caput succeda´neum localized edema, congestion, and petechiae on the fetal and newborn scalp (presenting part), crossing the suture lines.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ca·put me·du·sae

1. varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus, seen in Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome;
2. dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
Synonym(s): Medusa head
[Medusa, G. myth. char.]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
A term of art referring to the engorged veins that radiate from a recanalized umbilical vein—falciparum ligament in portal hypertension—which is most commonly seen in advanced cirrhosis, and is accompanied by ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, and patent hepatic veins
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

caput medusae

Medusa head Hepatology A term for the engorged veins that radiate from a recanalized umbilical vein–falciparum ligament in portal HTN, most common in advanced alcoholic cirrhosis, and accompanied by ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, patent hepatic veins
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ca·put me·du·sae

(kap'ŭt me-dū'sē)
1. Varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus, seen in Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome.
2. Dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
Synonym(s): Medusa's head.
[Medusa, G. mythical character]

ca·put me·du·sae

(ka'put me-dū'sē)
1. Varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus.
2. Dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
[Medusa, G. myth. char.]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
Enlarge picture
CAPUT MEDUSAE: Prominent superficial abdominal veins seen on a patient with cirrhosis and portal hypertension.

caput medusae

A plexus of dilated veins around the umbilicus, seen in patients with portal hypertension (usually as a result of cirrhosis of the liver). It may be seen in newborns.
See: illustration
See also: caput
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

caput medusae

A conspicuous whorl of large veins sometimes seen radiating from the navel in CIRRHOSIS of the liver. This is an attempt to provide a shunt (collateral circulation) around obstructed liver veins. The Gorgon, Medusa, had snakes instead of hair, hence the name.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Medusa,

in Greek mythology, a Gorgon who turned men to stone.
caput Medusae - (1) varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus; - (2) dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis. Synonym(s): head of Medusa
head of Medusa - Synonym(s): caput Medusae
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Hastada vena cava inferior agenezisi saptandiktan sonra ikinci kez yapilan fizik muayenede ozellikle batinda kollateral venlerin ve caput medusa gorunumunun olup olmadigi kontrol edildi ancak benzer bir fizik muayene bulgusuna rastlanmadi.
On MRI, they have characteristic flow void with normal adjacent brain parenchyma, while contrast enhanced MRI shows a typical 'caput medusa' appearance.
Chronic vena cava compression produces venous stasis and dilated superficial abdominal veins, so-called caput medusa. [3] Our patient experienced immobility and breathlessness but had normal cardiac output on echocardiography.

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