There are various risks and complications associated with breast implants, including infection, chronic breast pain and tenderness, breast or nipple numbness, capsular contracture
, breakage and leakage, necrosis, arthritis and joint pain, cognitive impairment, cosmetic dissatisfaction and metal poisoning due to platinum exposure.
Non-toxic, immunogenic, teratogenic, carcinogenic, and lack of potential effect on mammography determine its reliability; development of capsular contracture
, deflation, palpation and the possibility of folding in the anatomical pouch is determined by its effectiveness.
"She saw a specialist before Brazil and he diagnosed severe inflammation and capsular contracture
- which is when the scar tissue around the implant inside the body gets tight and hard.
They came into being in the late 1980's and 1990's as a response to the high capsular contracture
rates that were found at that time.
Adverse and frequent complications experienced by breast implant patients include reoperation, capsular contracture
, and implant removal.
Rupture was higher for saline (2.5 versus 0.5 percent) and capsular contracture
was higher for silicone (5.0 versus 2.8 percent) in the short-term.
These included capsular contracture
(scarring around the implant), which occurred at a rate of 5.0 percent with silicone implants versus 2.8 percent with saline-filled implants.
First of all, two endpoints were prospectively defined: (1) the primary endpoint as a composite of skin necrosis, seroma, haematoma, infection, recurrence of capsular contracture
, implant malposition, and implant loss; (2) the secondary endpoint included all complications such as the primary endpoint in addition to occurrence of Red Breast Syndrome (RBS).
Referring to the Persistence Market Research, medgadget.com noted that implant growth factors include a "greater emphasis on physical appearance," a "rise in global disposable per capita income of women," and "a growing prevalence of breast cancer and the availability of an expanded product line with premium pricing leading to greater sales." Growth restraints cited by the report included an "increased risk of developing serious complications including deflation, capsular contracture
, infection, and breast and nipple sensitivity; and high costs of the implant procedure." The report listed Establishment Labs as one of the "leading market players dominating the global breast implants market."
As Dr Philip Zeplin, a plastic and cosmetic surgeon at Germany's Ludwigsburg Institute of Plastic Surgery, points out: "Silicone isn't accepted very well by the body." About 10 per cent of healthy women who receive untreated silicone implants for breast augmentation develop what's known as capsular contracture
: Internal scar tissue forms a capsule around the breast implant, contracting it until it becomes misshapen and hard.
According to the company, its products can be used for fat grafting to the breast, buttock or large volume contouring; natural breast augmentation; and breast reconstruction, capsular contracture
, radiated breast or body tissue, deformities after injuries, orthopaedic procedures and facial rejuvenation and reconstruction.