capsid

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Related to Capsid proteins: Icosahedral capsid, Viral capsid

capsid

 [kap´sid]
the shell of protein that protects the nucleic acid of a virus; it is composed of structural units, or capsomers. According to the number of subunits possessed by capsomers, they are called dimers (2), trimers (3), pentamers (5), or hexamers (6).
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cap·sid

(kap'sid),
Protein coat of a virus. See: virion.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

capsid

(kăp′sĭd)
n.
The protein coat that constitutes the shell of a virus particle.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

capsid

A protein coat that covers the nucleoprotein core or nucleic acid (RNA, DNA) of a free virus particle or phage, which may have icosahedral symmetry and itself be enclosed in an envelope—e.g., Togaviridae. It is composed of an integer multiple of 60 subunits, which self-assemble in a pattern typical for a particular virus.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

vi·ri·on

(vī'rē-on)
The complete virus particle that is structurally intact and infectious.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

capsid

The protein coat that encloses the genome of a virus.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

capsid

the protein coat of a virus.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Capsid

The outer protein coat of a virus.
Mentioned in: Noroviruses
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The major capsid protein L1 of HPV are expressed into VLPs either in yeast or Baculovirus systems.
Western blot analysis for the VP-2 protein (SINV-3 capsid protein) was consistently negative (Fig.
Cesareni, "Modifying filamentous phage capsid: limits in the size of the major capsid protein," Journal of Molecular Biology, vol.
Background & objective: Recombinant DNA technology allows expression of the human papillomavirus (HPV) major capsid protein (LI) in heterologous expression systems and the recombinant protein self assembles to virus-like particles (VLP).
Because ozone mainly causes capsid protein damage, viruses with different capsid protein architecture were assessed.
Those targeting the major viral capsid protein L1 are markers of infection, and those targeting the viral oncoproteins E6 and E7 are markers for HPV-associated cancer (5, 6).
This work applies the information from tiling theory about the types and locations of bonds expected between capsid proteins.
The recombinant baculoviruses carrying the genes for the viral capsid proteins of the lion/NoV/GIV.2/Pistoia/387/06/ITA and Hu/NoV/GIV.l/SaintCloud624/1998/ U.S.
Its genome is 5kb is size and contains two large ORFs; the left ORF encodes the nonstructural protein NS1 and the right ORF encodes three capsid proteins [42].
SDS-PAGE analysis of purified SINV-1 particles yields 3 major (VP1, VP2, VP3) and one minor (VP4) capsid proteins. N-terminal analysis has revealed the margins of the capsid proteins and the corresponding scissile bonds within the structural polyprotein (Valles and Hashimoto 2008).
Capsid proteins, and particularly the interfaces or seams where one connects to another, are very important for assembling and disassembling the HIV coat, said senior author Angela Gronenborn, Ph.D., chair, Department of Structural Biology, and director, University of Pittsburgh Center for HIV Protein Interactions.
Thus work on HPV prophylactic vaccines has focused on the viral capsid proteins L1 and L2.