Capnocytophaga canimorsus


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Cap·no·cy·toph·a·ga can·i·mor'·sus

a bacterial species linked to infections from dog bites (including bacteremia, endocarditis, and meningitis). Formerly designated DF-2 (that is, dysgonic fermenter-2) by the CDC. These infections usually occur in patients with impaired immune systems.

Capnocytophaga canimorsus

The main human pathogen associated with dog bites. This organism causes septicemia, meningitis, endocarditis, and rare ocular infections.Persons at increased risk of developing C. canimorsus infections include patients who have undergone a splenectomy and those who abuse alcohol.

Treatment

Treatments may include penicillins, or in penicillin-allergic patients, doxycycline and metronidazole.

See also: Capnocytophaga
References in periodicals archive ?
Lick of death: Capnocytophaga canimorsus 'is an important cause of sepsis in the elderly.
Capnocytophaga canimorsus: an emerging cause of sepsis, meningitis, and post-splenectomy infection after dog bites.
Probert, "Diagnosing Capnocytophaga canimorsus infections," Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.
Capnocytophaga canimorsus was first described in 1976 by Bobo and Newton [1] and is a slow-growing, Gramnegative, and rod-shaped bacterium belonging to the natural flora of the oral mucosa of dogs and cats.
Bock was diagnosed with Capnocytophaga canimorsus sepsis which is a bacterium commonly found in the saliva of cats and dogs.
Bacteria found in bite wounds include Pasteurella spp., Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mitis, Moraxella spp., Corynebacterium spp., Neisseria spp., Bergeyella zoohelcum (formerly known as Weeksella zoohelcum), Capnocytophaga canimorsus and Capnocytophaga cynodegm, Fusobacterium spp., Bacteroides spp., Porphyromonas spp., and Prevotella spp.
Since 1961, 200 human isolates of Capnocytophaga canimorsus --a gram-negative bacterium--have been sent to CDC for identification.
For example, an organism called capnocytophaga canimorsus, normally found in the mouths of dogs, can cause severe infection in a person whose spleen has been removed due to illness or trauma.
It took more than 72 hours for Capnocytophaga canimorsus to grow in blood culture.
2 Clostridium perfringens Capnocytophaga canimorsus Haemophilus influenzae Legionella spp.