Capnocytophaga canimorsus


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Cap·no·cy·toph·a·ga can·i·mor'·sus

a bacterial species linked to infections from dog bites (including bacteremia, endocarditis, and meningitis). Formerly designated DF-2 (that is, dysgonic fermenter-2) by the CDC. These infections usually occur in patients with impaired immune systems.

Capnocytophaga canimorsus

The main human pathogen associated with dog bites. This organism causes septicemia, meningitis, endocarditis, and rare ocular infections.Persons at increased risk of developing C. canimorsus infections include patients who have undergone a splenectomy and those who abuse alcohol.

Treatment

Treatments may include penicillins, or in penicillin-allergic patients, doxycycline and metronidazole.

See also: Capnocytophaga
References in periodicals archive ?
Capnocytophaga canimorsus sepsis is the main human pathogen associated with dog bites.
Capnocytophaga canimorsus in peripheral blood smears.
Studies show that use of oral antibiotics for all types of dog bite wounds reduces the risk of infection by nearly 50%, (5) Common bacteria isolated from bite wounds include Capnocytophaga canimorsus, Pasteurella multocida, (8) streptococci, (9) and a range of other aerobic and anaerobic pathogens.
Capnocytophaga canimorsus infections in humans have been associated with being licked by or sleeping with a dog or cat.
Capnocytophaga canimorsus septicemia: fifth report of a catassociated infection and five other cases.
We reviewed clinical and epidemiologic features of 56 human Capnocytophaga canimorsus isolates submitted during a 32-year period to California's Microbial Diseases Laboratory for identification.
Capnocytophaga canimorsus is the main human pathogen associated with dog bites; this organism causes septicemia, meningitis, endocarditis, and rare ocular infections (3,4).
Capnocytophaga canimorsus infections in humans: review of the literature and cases report.
Capnocytophaga canimorsus septicemia in Denmark, 1982-1995: review of 39 cases.
Meningitis due to Capnocytophaga canimorsus after receipt of a dog bite: case report and review of the literature.