The identification of Capnocytophaga
species is difficult except by DNA hybridization .
infection associated with splenectomy.
canimorsus infections in humans: review of the literature and cases report.
Lick of death: Capnocytophaga
canimorsus 'is an important cause of sepsis in the elderly.
canimorsus: an emerging cause of sepsis, meningitis, and post-splenectomy infection after dog bites.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, up to 74 percent of dogs and up to 57 percent of cats carry capnocytophaga
. People also have a different strain of the same bacteria in their mouths.
Bacteria morphology Obligate anaerobes Facultative anaerobes Gram-positive cocci Finegoldia Enterococcus Parvimonas Gemella Peptoniphilus Staphylococcus Peptostreptococcus Streptococcus (*) Gram-negative cocci Veillonella Neisseria Actinomyces Eggertella Eubacterium Actinomyces (*) Gram-positive rods Filifactor Corynebacterium Lactobacillus Lactobacillus (*) Olsenella Propionibacterium (*) Propionibacterium Pseudoramibacter Alloprevotella Bacteroides Camphylobacter Dialister Capnocytophaga
Gram-negative rods Fretibacterium Eikenella Fusobacterium Haemophilus Porphyromonas Prevotella Tannerella Treponema (*) Some species can also be strict anaerobes.
Interaction between Capnocytophaga
and immune system is not completely elucidated.
Due to the microbiological findings, in particular the Gram-negative rods in the blood smear, a new suspicion of an infection with Capnocytophaga
canimorsus (CC) arose, a bacterium that occurs physiologically in the oral mucosa of cats and dogs and can result in septic shock in immunosuppressed patients.
Besides other bacteria like Porphyromonas gingivalis, Campylobacter rectus, Eikenella corrodens, and Capnocytophaga
Likewise, experimental models do not possess substrates that are supplied by the various interrelations between other bacteria Fusobacterium, Eubacterium, Bacteroides, Capnocytophaga
, Eikenella, Streptococcus, Actinomyces, Campylobacter, Porphyromonas such as hemin, succinate, ammonia, formate, acetate, menadione among others.
von Graevenitz, "Actinobacillus, capnocytophaga
, eikenella, kingella, pasteurella, and other fastidious or rarely encountered gram-negative rods," in Manual of Clinical Microbiology, pp.