Capillaria hepatica

Ca·pil·la·ri·a he·pat·'i·ca

species of threadworm that infects the liver in rodents; occasionally reported in humans.

Capillaria hepatica

A parasitic nematode of South East Asia which primarily infects rodents but can also infect carnivores who eat rats, or humans oro-faecally.

Clinical findings
Abdominal pain; weight loss; anorexia; fever; hepatomegaly and hepatitis due to transmigration of adult worms, which often die and trigger an immune response, ascites and gallstones.
 
Diagnosis
Identification of eggs and focal inflammatory lesions in liver biopsies.

Management
Mebendazole, albendazole.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The helminths Hymenolepis nana Von Siebold, 1852, Hymenolepis diminuta Rudolphi, 1819 and Capillaria hepatica Bancroft, 1893 have been reported as zoonotic, and Moniliformis moniliformis Bremser, 1811 and Raillietina sp.
Rattus norvegicus como indicador de la circulacion de Capillaria hepatica y Taenia taeniaeformis en la Plaza Minorista de Medellin, Colombia.
Morphologic differential diagnoses included eggs of Capillaria hepatica (bipolar striated ova in liver), Dicrocoelium (slightly smaller operculated ova typically found in feces or bile), and the similar Eurytrema (thick-walled operculated ova in feces).
A total of 3600 rodents were live-trapped from three different localities (1200 each) of the Lahore Metropolitans Allama Iqbal Town, Walled City and Railway Station and adjacent areas, and scanned for the prevalence of Capillaria hepatica.
Rodents are well recognized as hosts and vectors of Capillaria hepatica (Amir et al.
Calodium hepaticum, outrora denominado Capillaria hepatica, e um nematodeo pertencente a familia Trichuroidae, sendo relatado parasitando o parEnquima hepatico de mais de 40 especies de mamiferos, tais como caes, gatos, suinos, macacos e coelhos, sendo mais comumente encontrado em roedores, especialmente nos ratos (SAWAMURA et al.
Capillaria hepatica in small mammals collected from Shoa Province, Ethiopia.
Capillaria hepatica, Trichuris vulpis and Eucoleus gastricus or artifacts.
Otras especies de interes sanitario fueron el cestode Hymenolepis diminuta (P: 35,0%) y el nematode Capillaria hepatica (P: 30%) que raramente infectan al hombre, y quistes de Taenia taeniaeformis (P: 35,0%), cuyos hospedadores finales son generalmente animales domesticos.
Capillaria hepatica (Nematoda) infections in human-habituated mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringel) of the Parc National de Volcans, Rwanda.
In addition to the pathogens listed by Grant and Olsen and the agents listed in this letter, some other zoonotic agents present (at least in Central Europe) are cowpox (mainly acquired from cats; 4-6) and parapox viruses, lymphocytic choriomeningitis vires, Newcastle disease virus, Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, and Capillaria hepatica (7).
Serological detection of Capillaria hepatica by indirect immunofluorescence assay.