Capgras syndrome


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Cap·gras syn·drome

(kăh'grah),
the delusional belief that a person (or people) close to the schizophrenic patient has been substituted for by one or more impostors; may have an organic etiology.
The delusion that family, friends and others have been replaced by imposters. It typically follows the development of negative feelings toward the other person that the subject cannot accept and attributes, instead, to the imposter. The syndrome has been reported in paranoid schizophrenia and, even more frequently, in organic brain disease

Cap·gras syn·drome

(kah'grah sin'drōm)
The delusional belief that a person (or people) close to the schizophrenic patient has been substituted for by one or more impostors; may have an organic etiology.

Capgras,

Jean Marie Joseph, French psychiatrist, 1873-1950.
Capgras phenomenon - Synonym(s): Capgras syndrome
Capgras syndrome - the delusional belief that a person close to the schizophrenic patient has been replaced by an impostor. Synonym(s): Capgras phenomenon; illusion of doubles
References in periodicals archive ?
She was diagnosed with late-onset schizophrenia (LOS) and Capgras Syndrome (CS).
Ramachadran, "Capgras Syndrome: a Novel Probe for Understanding the Neural Representation of the Identity and Familiarity of Persons", en: Biological Sciences, v.
But once that epiphany occurs, Capgras syndrome strikes even Karin's own attempt to face her realization, estranging her from her own thought at the very moment of its conscious registration.
The pair focused on a range of rare and bizarre conditions, such as hysterical blindness (where the person cannot see but has no perceptible damage to their eyes or brain), hysterical paralysis (an inability to move a part of the body despite having no physical injury), alien limb syndrome (the feeling that an arm or leg is acting of its own accord), and Capgras Syndrome (a delusional belief that a loved one has been replaced by an imposter).
Richard Powers did it with Capgras Syndrome. The main character in The Echo Maker is Mark Schluter, a 27-year-old truck driver for Iowa Beef Productions somewhat reminiscent of "the dude" in The Big Lebowski.
Most recently, in The Echo Maker (*** Jan/Feb 2007), he pondered questions of personal identity and reality with the story of a man suffering from Capgras syndrome. Here he imagines a world where science has identified the genetic basis for happiness.
The main clinical characteristics of the Capgras syndrome is a delusional belief that familiar persons are replaced by strangers (2).The patient refers to some small, misinterpreted physical and behavioral differences in her mind to differentiate the familiar persons from strangers (3).
Rather, his discussion rushes through Capgras syndrome, Asperger's syndrome, schizophrenia, near-death experiences, and a fictional character in a novel who has religious experiences.
He visits the patient and decides he has Capgras syndrome, i.e., denying that a loved one is who she purports to be.
(Related to this is the CAPGRAS SYNDROME, in which the patient is convinced that people close to him--family, friends--are quite cleverly dressed and coached but not the real thing.)
Chapter 8 presents an application of the cognitive neuropsychological model of facial recognition to psychiatric delusional misidentification disorders, such as Capgras syndrome, where the individual claims that one or more of their close relatives have been replaced by near-imposters.