cannabis

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Related to Cannabis indica: chloroform, bhang

cannabis

 [kan´ah-bis]
the dried flowering tops of hemp plants (Cannabis sativa), which have euphoric principles; see marijuana and hashish.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

can·na·bis

(kan'ă-bis),
The dried flowering tops of the pistillate plants of Cannabis sativa (family Moraceae) containing isomeric tetrahydrocannabinols, cannabinol, and cannabidiol. Preparations of cannabis can be smoked or ingested to induce psychotomimetic effects, such as euphoria, hallucinations, drowsiness, and other mental changes. Cannabis was formerly used as a sedative and analgesic; now available for restricted use in management of iatrogenic anorexia, especially that associated with oncologic chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Known by many colloquial or slang terms such as marihuana, marijuana, pot, grass, bhang, charas, ganja, weed, and herb.
[L., fr. G. kannabis, hemp]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cannabis

(kăn′ə-bĭs)
n.
1. A tall annual dioecious plant (Cannabis sativa), native to Central Asia and having alternate, palmately divided leaves and tough bast fibers.
2. Any of several mildly euphoriant, intoxicating hallucinogenic drugs, such as ganja, hashish, or marijuana, prepared from various parts of this plant.

can′na·bic (-bĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

can·na·bis

(kan'ă-bis)
The dried flowering tops of the pistillate plants of Cannabis sativa (family Moraceae) containing isomeric tetrahydrocannabinols, cannabinol, and cannabidiol. Preparations of cannabis are smoked or ingested to induce psychotomimetic effects such as euphoria, hallucinations, drowsiness, and other mental changes. Cannabis was formerly used as a sedative and analgesic; now available for restricted use in management of iatrogenic anorexia, especially that associated with oncologic chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Known by many colloquial or slang terms such as marijuana, marihuana, pot, grass, bhang, charas, ganja, and hashish.
[L., fr. G. kannabis, hemp]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cannabis

A drug derived from the hemp plant. Marijuana is the dried leaves, flowers or stems of various species of the hemp grass Cannabis , especially Cannabis sativa , Cannabis indica and Cannabis americana . Cannabis resin contains the cannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol which produces euphoria (the easy promotion of silly laughter or giggling) and an apparent heightening of all the senses, especially vision, with distortion of dimensions. There is slowing of reflexes, distortion of distance and alteration in the sense of responsibility. Driving becomes dangerous. Much valued is an illusory sense of deep philosophical insight or a conviction of omniscience. Panic attacks or acute anxiety may occur, and SCHIZOPHRENIA, MANIA, DEPERSONALIZATION or confusional psychoses have been precipitated. Persistent heavy users may become apathetic and show loss of interest and concern (amotivational syndrome). Cannabis does, however, have some valuable medical uses. It is a sedative that can relieve some side effects of drugs and can help some patients to live more comfortably with some serious illnesses. The former rigidity of official attitude against its therapeutic use is softening, especially since cannabinoid receptors were found to be widely expressed throughout the central nervous system. A number of American States have approved its medical use. See also GLUTAMATE.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

cannabis

an hallucinogenic drug found in the leaves of the hemp plant and particularly in the bracts of the female flowering spikes.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

can·na·bis

(kan'ă-bis)
The dried flowering tops of the pistillate plants of Cannabis sativa; in restricted use in management of iatrogenic anorexia, especially that associated with cancer therapy.
[L., fr. G. kannabis, hemp]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
On the preparations of the Indian hemp, or gunjah (Cannabis indica); Their effects on the animal system in health, and their utility in the treatment of tetanus and other convulsive diseases.
Cannabis indica Rumph (Herbarium Amboinense 1747; 5: 208), a "pre-Linnaean" (pre-1753) taxon assigned to plants in Indonesia;
7) erroneously reversed the ranks of two taxa, Cannabis indica f.
Plants assigned the name Cannabis indica and segregates.
Vambery (1868) described beng or ben gis as "the poison produced from the Cannabis indica" in Bukhara and Khoqand (i5).
While it is tempting to credit Ludlow with introducing hashish to California, there is no record that he ever used the drug after finishing his book.(10) Still, the writings of the "Hasheesh Infant" were well known and admired in the state.(11) Evidence of his influence may be detected in a feature published in the Virginia City Territorial-Enterprise, "Hashish: A Story for 1876," in which the author poetically describes rapturous visions he experienced under a dose of medically prescribed cannabis indica.(12) Although Virginia City lay a few miles outside California, in the mining country of Nevada, the article is proof of an interest in hashish not otherwise apparent in the literature of the state's Golden Age.
listed "Fluid extracts of Indian hemp, (foreign) cannabis indica," a "powerful narcotic," for $3 per pound c.
No more mentions of hashish, cannabis indica or marijuana are to be found in California newspaper indices until after their prohibition in 1913, nor are there any known personal testimonials or literary accounts of cannabis use by California's turn-of-the-century bohemian set, who, unlike their counterparts in Britain, showed little interest in drugs other than alcohol.(30)
A survey of medicinal plants in California by Professor Albert Schneider of the California College of Pharmacy noted that although cannabis hemp could be found growing wild in Butte County, the "exact medicinal value of the California-grown plants requires further careful study."(34) However, Professor Schneider was not interested enough to mention cannabis indica in a list of 26 varieties of drug plants being considered for cultivation in California.(35)
No one, whether a pharmacist or not, under this law, has any right to sell any preparation of Cannabis indica to any person under 18 years of age except on the written order of an adult.
(1839) A Case of Tetanus, Cured by a Preparation of Hemp (the Cannabis indica).
What Are the Differences Between Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa, and How Do They Vary in Their Potential Medical Utility?