cadmium

(redirected from Calcium compounds)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

cadmium

 (Cd) [kad´me-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 48. (See Appendix 6.) Inhalation of cadmium fumes causes pulmonary edema with proliferative interstitial pneumonia and various degrees of lung damage. Cadmium poisoning may occur due to occupational exposure, smoking, and ingestion of certain foods (kidneys and livers; seafoods such as mussels, oysters, and crabs; and some grains). Maternal cadmium exposure can cause abnormal embryonic development by interfering with normal zinc ion metabolic activities.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cad·mi·um (Cd),

(kad'mē-ŭm),
A metallic element, atomic no. 48, atomic wt. 112.411; its salts are poisonous and little used in medicine but are frequently used in the basic sciences. Various compounds of cadmium are used commercially in metallurgy, photography, and electrochemistry; a few have been used as ascaricides, antiseptics, and fungicides.
[L. cadmia, fr. G. kadmeia or kadmia, an ore of zinc, calamine]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cadmium

A toxic divalent metallic element (atomic number 48, atomic weight 112.411), which is ubiquitous in nature and central to many industrial processes. Most cadmium is used for rechargeable batteries; it is also used in electroplating, nuclear fission, TV tubes, photocopier drums and paint pigments (yellow and red). It has no known physiologic role in higher animals.

Ref range
0–5.0 µg/L.
 
Toxic range
> 100 µg/L.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

cad·mi·um

(Cd) (kad'mē-ŭm)
A metallicelement, atomic no. 48, atomic wt. 112.411; its salts are poisonous and little used in medicine. Various compounds of cadmium are used commercially in fields such as metallurgy, photography, and electrochemistry; a few have been used as ascaricides, antiseptics, and fungicides.
[L. cadmia, fr. G. kadmeia or kadmia, an ore of zinc, calamine]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cadmium

A poisonous metal sometimes encountered as an air pollutant in industrial processes. Inhaled cadmium dust can cause lung inflammation. Cadmium is also damaging to the kidneys and can cause softening of the bones (OSTEOMALACIA).
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

cad·mi·um

(kad'mē-ŭm)
Metallic element; its salts are poisonous and little used in medicine but are frequently employed in the basic sciences.
[L. cadmia, fr. G. kadmeia or kadmia, an ore of zinc, calamine]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Calcium compounds are used on a large scale in regions where there is huge demand for calcium compounds due to its functionalities and wide application in food products.
This inherent characteristic is the absence of calcium compounds in the strength contributing phase(s) in the material to the opposite to the fact that calcium compounds are the strength contributing phase(s) in Portland cement.
The degree of bleeding was controlled when calcium compounds were added to the color paste: calcium chloride, calcium acetate, calcium hydroxide, calcium citrate, tricalcium phosphate and calcium lactate.
In this case, preheating reduced the driving force for calcium compounds to deposit on the heat transfer surface.
This issue's Nutrition Hotline addresses two concerns about soymilk: whether the body can absorb some calcium compounds better than others and if carrageenan in some brands of soymilk is dangerous.
Hardness refers to the dissolved calcium compounds in water.
Low electron density of the microcavity, in comparing with the surrounding tissues, testifies to the fact that the cavities were filled with some solution or gel favorable for accumulation of dissolved inorganic salts, i.e., for deposition of insoluble calcium compounds. The experimental finding confirms the earlier proposed mechanism of PC development (3), namely, that rapid formation of apatite mineral in placenta means the existence of some microsites with the supersaturated environment.
On the basis of type, the food anti-caking agents market comprises of sodium compounds, microcrystalline cellulose compounds, calcium compounds, magnesium compounds, and others.

Full browser ?