Congenital short tendo calcaneous
. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 4, 695-697.
The FPA was derived as the angle in the transverse plane between the foot vectors (second metatarsal to the posterior middle calcaneous
Specifically, retroreflective markers were placed on the following locations to define the ankle joint: lateral and medial epicondyles of the knees, shank (for tracking markers), lateral and medial malleoli of the ankles, first and fifth metatarsal heads, second metatarsal heads, and calcaneous
quantitative ultrasound measurements predicts vertebral fractures in idiopathic male osteoporosis.
In our case, we detected cartilaginous synchondrosis between OAS and calcaneous
as like in between talus and os trigonum.
The soleus muscle thickness (MT) was measured with a real-time B-mode ultrasonography using a linear array 11-MHz ultra-sound probe (Logiq Book XP, General Electric[TM], USA) positioned perpendicularly to the calcaneous
tendon 2 cm below the medial and lateral gastrocnemius bellies.
The aim of this study was to examine whether QUS stiffness index measured at the calcaneous
area that can reflect the status of bone at the area most likely to endure fractures (spine and neck of femur), or whether a combined assessment of QUS and BMD should be used to assess bone loss at different areas.
The heel bone (calcaneous
) BMD was measured using an ultrasound bone densitometer (OsteosysSonost 3000 Bone Densitometry).
A male, 68 years old, was referred from Camaragibe--PE with a complaint of hypoesthesia in the calcaneous
regions for around 2 years, associated with erythematous skin lesions.
After confirmation of anesthesia, two percutaneous electrodes were introduced into the right hind limb of the animals, the first one in the popliteal fossa and the second in the region of the calcaneous
tendon, corresponding to the regions of insertions of the gastrocnemius muscle.
Inversion of the calcaneous
produces external rotation of the tibia while the talus glides posterolaterally over the calcaneus.
Prior to measurement, the posterior center of the calcaneous
of both feet of each participant was marked with a pen.