docusate calcium

(redirected from Calax)

docusate

 [dok´u-sāt]
any of a group of anionic surfactants widely used as emulsifying, wetting, and dispersing agents.
docusate calcium an ionic surfactant used as a stool softener.
docusate potassium an anionic surfactant used as a stool softener; administered orally.
docusate sodium an ionic surfactant used as a stool softener.

docusate calcium

Apo-Docusate Calcium (CA), Calax (CA), DC Softgels, Novo-Docusate Calcium (CA), PMS-Docusate Calcium (CA), Ratio-Docusate Calcium (CA), Soflax C (CA), Stool Softener DC, Surfak Liquigels

docusate sodium

Apo-Docusate Sodium (CA), Colace, Correctol, Correctol Stool Softener (CA), Diocto, Dioctyl (UK), Docusol (UK), Dom-Docusate Sodium (CA), D.O.S. Softgels, Docu-Soft, DOK, D-S-S, DulcoEase (UK), Dulcolax Stool Softener, Enemeez, Genasoft Softgels, Norgalax (UK), Novo Docusate (CA), PHL-Docusate Sodium (CA), PMS-Docusate Sodium, Ratio-Docusate Sodium (CA), Selax (CA), Silace

Pharmacologic class: Emollient

Therapeutic class: Stool softener, surfactant

Pregnancy risk category C

Action

Increases absorption of liquid into stool, resulting in softening of fecal mass. Also promotes electrolyte and water secretion into colon.

Availability

docusate calcium

Capsules: 240 mg

Capsules (soft gels): 240 mg

Rectal solution: 283 mg/5 ml

docusate sodium

Capsules: 50 mg, 100 mg, 250 mg

Capsules (soft gels): 100 mg, 250 mg

Liquid: 150 mg/15 ml

Syrup: 50 mg/15 ml, 60 mg/15 ml, 20 mg/5 ml, 100 mg/30 ml, 150 mg/15 ml

Tablets: 100 mg

Indications and dosages

Stool softener

Adults and children older than age 12: 240 mg (docusate calcium) or 50 to 200 mg (docusate sodium) P.O. daily until bowel movements are normal

Children ages 6 to 12: 40 to 120 mg (docusate sodium) P.O. daily

Children ages 3 to 6: 20 to 60 mg (docusate sodium) P.O. daily

Contraindications

• Hypersensitivity to drug

• Abdominal pain, nausea, or vomiting

• Intestinal obstruction

Precautions

Use cautiously in:

• pregnant or breastfeeding patients.

Administration

• Give tablets and capsules with full glass of water.

• Give liquid solution with milk or fruit juice.

• Be aware that excessive or long-term use may lead to laxative dependence.

Adverse reactions

EENT: throat irritation

GI: nausea, diarrhea, mild cramps

Skin: rash

Other: bitter taste, decreased appetite, laxative dependence

Interactions

Drug-drug. Mineral oil: increased mineral oil absorption, causing toxicity

Warfarin: decreased warfarin effects (with high doses)

Patient monitoring

• If diarrhea occurs, withhold drug and notify prescriber.

• Know that therapeutic efficacy usually becomes apparent 1 to 3 days after first dose.

Patient teaching

• Instruct patient to drink sufficient fluids with each dose and to increase fluid intake during the day.

• Advise patient to prevent constipation by increasing fluids and consuming more dietary fiber (as in fruits and bran).

• Inform patient that excessive or prolonged use may lead to laxative dependence.

• As appropriate, review all other significant adverse reactions and interactions, especially those related to the drugs mentioned above.

References in periodicals archive ?
THE government aims to open the first segment of the Cavite-Laguna Expressway (Calax) in October despite the perceived 'challenge' in the acquisition and delivery of right-of-way.
Binan, Laguna - The first 10 kilometer segment of the Cavite-Laguna Expressway (CALAX) will open this October.
The first 10-kilometer Laguna segment of the Cavite-Laguna Expressway (CALAX) will open in October, Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) Secretary Mark Villar said Tuesday.
The growth rate of average selling price across Cavite, Laguna, and Batangas are recorded at 1.3% h-o-h, which is projected to increase further with the completion of infrastructure developments in the area such as Cavite-Laguna Expressway (CALAX).
The Cavite-Laguna Expressway (CALAX) project is seen to start commercial operations of some segments in the Laguna side as early as July 2019 with the funding for the construction and concession secured by a loan.
First Metro Investment Corp (FMIC) president, Roberto Juanchito Dispo, said, 'We're very keen on awaiting the final results of the CALAX bidding that was recently done by the Department Public Works and Highways because we will be positioning ourselves as potential fund provider for any of the consortium that will win the mandate.'
= fuego, 'coquihabin' (porque la voz suena similar a la expresion 'cocinar 'lo crudo'), 'ardor', 'calax' del calor, 'fragon' del fragor de la llama, 'rusin' del rojo, 'fumaton', 'ustrax' de quemar, 'vicio', porque [con su forma de] pene vivifica los miembros muertos, 'siluleus' , porque sale del silex, y de ahi que silex no este dicho con correccion a no ser que se tome por aquello desde donde la chispa brota.
Aside from the Cavitex and Cavite-Laguna Expressway (CALAX) network in the South of Manila, MPTC's portfolio includes the concessions for the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX), the Subic-Clark Tarlac Expressway (SCTEX), the NLEX Connector Road, and the Cebu-Cordova Link Expressway (CCLEX) in Cebu.
One of these projects is the Cavite-Laguna Expressway (CALAx).
'Because the major infrastructure that's upcoming-the Calax highway [or the Cavite-Laguna Expressway-will soon open by the end of the year, all of you know what happens the moment a major highway infrastructure happens and in correlation to real-estate prices,' said Christopher G.
Under the plan, GT Capital will receive approximately 702 hectares of selected assets within LNC that are in close proximity to big-ticket roads including Daang Hari Extension and the future Cavite-Laguna Expressway (CALAX).
Dominguez said the Cavite-Laguna Expressway (Calax) project, which took all of 50 months to conceptualize and begin implementation, is one prime example of why the government decided to modify the traditional PPP formula and fast-track the process.