CYP


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CYP

Abbreviation for cytochrome P450 enzymes; usually followed by an arabic numeral, a letter, and another arabic numeral (for example, CYP 2D6). These enzymes are found in and on the smooth endoplasmic reticulum of liver and other cells and are responsible for a large number of drug biotransformation reactions.

CYP

Abbreviation for cytochrome P-450 enzymes; usually followed by an arabic numeral, a letter, and another arabic numeral (e.g., CYP 2D6). These enzymes are found in and on the smooth endoplasmic reticulum of liver and other cells and are responsible for a large number of drug biotransformation reactions.

couple-year of protection

,

CYP

In family planning, the number of days per year that any method of birth control will prevent conception. Abstinence from sexual intercourse, or sterilization of both members of a couple, provides absolute (365 days/year) protection. Other methods of family planning or fertility inhibition are relatively less effective. Couples that attempt penile withdrawal before male climax (coitus interruptus) have the lowest levels of CYP of any method. Condoms provide a moderate increase in contraceptive effectiveness but are less effective than intrauterine devices, contraceptive pills, or contraceptive implants.

cytochrome

(si'to-krom) [? + chroma, color]
An iron-containing protein found in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells; each is given a letter name (a, b, c). The cytochrome transport system (electron transport chain) is the last stage in aerobic cell respiration. See: cytochrome oxidase; cytochrome P450; cytochrome transport system

cytochrome P450

Abbreviation: CYP
A group of enzymes present in every type of cell in the body except red blood cells and skeletal muscle cells. They are important in metabolizing substances normally present in the body such as steroids, fat-soluble vitamins, fatty acids, prostaglandins, and alkaloids. The P450 enzymes also detoxify drugs and a great number of environmental pollutants, such as carcinogens present in tobacco smoke and charcoal-broiled meat, polychlorinated biphenyls, and dioxin. Specialized types of cytochrome P450 are involved in the synthesis of nitric oxide.

cytochrome P450

Abbreviation: CYP
A group of enzymes present in every type of cell in the body except red blood cells and skeletal muscle cells. They are important in metabolizing substances normally present in the body such as steroids, fat-soluble vitamins, fatty acids, prostaglandins, and alkaloids. The P450 enzymes also detoxify drugs and a great number of environmental pollutants, such as carcinogens present in tobacco smoke and charcoal-broiled meat, polychlorinated biphenyls, and dioxin. Specialized types of cytochrome P450 are involved in the synthesis of nitric oxide.
See also: cytochrome
References in periodicals archive ?
Taken together, the results of the research demonstrate "that the previously unappreciated CYP monooxygenase pathway" could be explored for preventing or treating colon cancer, Zhang concluded.
The GIS shapefile included five districts of Balochistan province (Harnai, Lehri, Sheerani, Sobhatpur, Washuk), two districts of Punjab province (Chiniot, Nankana Sahib), and five districts of Sindh province (Tando Muhammad Khan, Tharparkar, Thatta, UmerKot, Benazirabad) for which no CYP percent changes were reported in the CPR 2015-2016 report.
The cultural phylogeny outcome is that, despite a history of attempts by writers to draw a line dividing littoral groups of TS and northern CYP into demic 'Papuans' and continentally genericized 'Aborigines', none of these groups is well cast in such tightly scripted roles.
The degree to which an antiretroviral induces or inhibits CYP enzymes affects the metabolism of antipsychotics.
Tacrolimus pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenetics: influence of adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette BI (ABCBI) and cytochrome (CYP) 3A polymorphisms.
In order to assess uncertainty in ICER, sensitivity analyses were done to examine the impact of alterations in costs, CYP or FP visits on mean ICER of CYP and mean ICER of FP visits.
[A.sub.2A]AR-mediated vascular response involves CYP enzymes, which are related to cytochrome P450s (CYP450) enzyme family [90, 114].
Chlorphenamine also inhibits isoenzyme CYP 2D6 responsible for the biotransformation of dextromethorphan; when the two drugs are combined together, the patient is likely to experience serotonin syndrome.
Chronic CYP-cystitis was induced by the administration of CYP (75 mg/kg; intraperitoneal [i.p.]) on days 1, 4, and 7.
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) is the largest groups of metabolic systems in the liver responsible for the metabolism of therapeutic drugs (Rendic 2002).
A stock solution of pesticide was prepared by dissolving 5 mg of technical grade CYP [Cyano (3-phenoxyphenyl) methyl 3-(2 2-dichloroethenyl)-2 2-dimethylcyclopropane- carboxylate] in 5 mL of 80% acetone.
"There are fantastic players here and in my time working with the CYP side, we have seen players progress to full England honours and contracts with professional sides.