CXCL12

CXCL12

A gene on chromosome 10q11.1 that encodes a stromal cell-derived alpha chemokine of the intercrine family which, once bound to its receptor, CXCR4, activates lymphocytes, an interaction that has been implicated in the metastasis of breast and other cancers.

Molecular pathology
CXCL12 mutations are associated with resistance to HIV-1 infections.
References in periodicals archive ?
X4P-001-IO, an oral small molecule inhibitor of C-X-C receptor type 4 (CXCR4), the receptor for the chemokine CXCL12, is currently in Phase 1/2 testing in refractory clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and other solid tumor indications.
The lead SNP, rs1619661 is on chromosome 10, approximately 132 kilobase (kb) downstream of CXCL12 (Table 2).
2,17) In the peripheral lymph nodes, LFA-1 on T cells is activated when HEV-associated chemokines including CCL21/ CCL19 and CXCL12 interact with their specific receptors on T cells, CCR7 and CXCR4, respectively, whereas LFA-1 on B cells is activated by interactions with CXCL13 via CXCR5.
Neutrophil retention in the bone marrow is regulated by the coordinated action of CXCL12 and its receptor CXCR4.
One of these chemokines is CXCL12, which is secreted by dermal fibroblasts (Ouwehand et al.
CXCL12 protects pancreatic [beta]-cells from oxidative stress by a Nrf2-induced increase in catalase expression and activity Svetlana DINIC, Nevena GRDOVIC, Aleksandra USKOKOVIC, Milos DORDEVIC, Mirjana MIHAILOVIC, Jelena Arambasic JOVANOVIC, Goran POZNANOVIC and Melita VIDAKOVIC Communicated by Shigetada NAKANISHI, M.
This is supported by genome-wide association studies, identifying genetic variants near CXCL12 associated with the risk of coronary heart disease.
Disruption of leucocyte recruitment by targeting gelatinase B (Mature metalloproteinase-9) CCL2 and CXCL12 may hold promise for future treatment.
A third approach is to target lymphoneogenesis more generally by interfering with the production of the chemokines CXCL13 and CXCL12.
262467 CAV1, H0XA3, CTGF, NOS3, CDH2, CXCL12 GOTERM_BP_FAT 6 0.
Resumen de las moleculas implicadas en la migracion y transicion epitelio-mesenquima de las celulas de la cresta neural y las celulas tumorales Polaridad Scribble, Crb3, PATJ, aPKC, Par3 Adhesion Cadherina-E, cadherina-N, cadherina-6, cadherina-11, ocludina, ZO-1 GTP-asas Rho RhoB, Rac, RhoU MEC, proteasas integrinas Laminina, colageno IV, MMP-2, MMP-9, ADAM-10, integrina-[beta]1 Polaridad celular planar Fzd7, Dvl1 Senalizacion Wnt, BMP, TGF-[beta], Notch Transcripcion Snail/Slug, Twist, Sox Ligando-receptores Efrinas, semaforinas, CXCL12, CXCR-4 Tabla 2.
For example, no effect of KJ on CXCL12 and NAMPT genes expression can be predicted based on the sum of the effects of EPE and ESE.