The aim of the present study was to assess the determinants of calcium infusion rate during CVVH
with RCA in critically ill patients with AKI.
In the single patient who underwent CVVH
, the ICP remained relatively stable [Figure 4].
We stratify higher risk patients as those with MELD scores greater than 35, renal failure, requiring hemodialysis or CVVH
prior to transplantation, recurrent spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, or preoperative prealbumin less than 10.
 Nonstandard abbreviations: ED, emergency department; AMS, altered mental status; Pc[0.sub.2], C[0.sub.2] partial pressure; IEM, inborn error of metabolism; OTC, ornithine transcarbamylase; CVVH
, continuous venovenous hemofiltration.
aims for maximizing convective removal of small and middle molecules.
Figure 2 shows the patient's serum DDS concentration versus time profile following comencement of CVVH
. At admission the patient had serum DDS and MADDS concentrations of 59.816 [micro]g/ml and 16.041 [micro]g/ml respectively.
Acute renal failure supported by CVVH
did not differ between CI and NI groups (2.5% vs.
Hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 and albumin improve cvvh
biocompatibility whereas gelatin and hydroxyethyl starch 200/0.5 lead to adverse side effects of cvvh
in anesthetized pigs.
Continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH
) is now the leading renal replacement therapy (RRT) in ICUs (Bellomo, Baldwin, Toshio, Wan, Fealy, & Ronco, 2005; Bellomo, Kellum, Mehta, Palevsky, & Ronco, 2002; Craig, 1998; Jacka, Ivancinova, & Gibney, 2005; Naka, Egi, Bellomo, Cole, French, Botha, et al., 2005; Ronco et al., 2005; Swartz, Paasko, O' Toole, & Starmann, 2004).
In face of a persistent condition of oligoanuria, it was necessary starting a hemofiltration treatment (CVVH
, Prismaflex, Mi50, Baxter, USA) and Cytosorb was additionally installed into the CVVH
circuit the next day (start of treatment: 15h after ICU admission).
Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT) Market by Products (System, Disposables (Hemofilters & Bloodlines), & Dialysate/Replacement Fluids), Modality (SCUF, CVVH
, CVVHD, CVVHDF) and Geography - Regional Adoption and Global Forecasts to 2020