Sonographic results verified the clinical diagnosis; they showed CPPV in all 200 patients.
Herniotomy was done for all patients in the clinically diagnosed and apparent side, while only 44 patients with Chin's type III CPPV underwent herniotomy for their contra-lateral side.
Our current data showed likewise that CPPV was correctly detected by US, which is a noninvasive and accurate method for evaluating its presence coinciding with other previously published literature.
One hundred and twenty-four patients underwent laparoscopy via the hernial sac to explore CPPV, while 76 patients had laparoscopy through the umbilicus.
These data would authenticate and rather appeal to the previously reported concept, stating that CPPV is not equal to a future symptomatic hernia.