chronic kidney disease

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chronic kidney disease

A condition defined as either:
(1) Kidney damage for = 3 months, defined by structural or functional renal abnormalities with or without a reduced glomerular filtration rate, manifest by either:
• Pathological abnormalities, or
• Markers of kidney damage, including abnormalities in the composition of the blood or urine, or abnormalities in imaging tests;
(2) GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for = 3 months, with or without kidney damage.
 
Workup
Serum creatinine for GFR, protein to creatinine ratio, examine urine sediment or dipstick for red cells, WBCs, imaging of kidneys, serum electrolytes (Na+, K+, Cl-, bicarbonate).

chronic kidney disease

,

CKD

Any illness in which kidney function remains diminished for a long period of time. CKD is defined as > 30 mg of urinary albumin excretion per gram of urinary creatinine, or a glomerular filtration rate of < 60mL/min/1.73m2 and includes both end-stage renal disease and improper functioning of kidney transplants. “Renal insufficiency” is a less-preferred term.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table-III: Association between the stage of CKD and history of receiving ocular intervention for diabetic retinopathy.
After taking account of other factors that might be important, they found that preterm birth (less than 37 weeks) was associated with a nearly twofold increased risk of CKD into mid-adulthood (9.24 per 100,000 person-years).
The common etiology of CKD in that age-group included glomerulonephritis (33.2%), diabetic nephropathy (17.9%), tubulo-interstitial disease (10%) and renal stone disease (13.8%).
There is a dire need to educate people regarding prevalence and need to diagnose and control risk factors for CKD such as diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension, obesity and over the counter and hakeem medications which could be harmful to the kidneys.
Among the 232 patients, who were over 50 years, the causes of CKD were identified as diabetic nephropathy, hypertension, renal stone disease, tubulointerstitial disease and adult polycystic kidney disease.
In 2011, a review of CKD biomarkers found that proteinuria is the most sensitive marker of CKD progression, especially when used with eGFR.
In clinical, it is well known that choosing the best treatment strategy for G1-G4 CKD patients depends on the result of CKD pathological diagnosis by renal biopsy and histopathological observation to a large extent.
The simple equation they have derived holds the ability to provide more accurate GFR determination, CKD screening and diagnosis, and thus CKD management and prevention.
To study the clinical profile and associated risk factors of TB in CKD patients.
It is also a great opportunity that CKD has offered it's students, allowing them to travel with CKD's founder across the world to experience new cultures, new places, extensive history as well as taking part in such a high profile martial art gathering, competition and training as well as the social aspects of meeting new people with similar interest.
The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) [4] is widely applied for the diagnosis of kidney disease and the monitoring of renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) (1).