methanol

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methanol

 [meth´ah-nol]
a poisonous colorless liquid used as a solvent and fuel; ingestion may cause blindness or death. Called also methyl or wood alcohol.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

meth·yl al·co·hol

CH3OH; a flammable, toxic, mobile liquid, used as an industrial solvent, antifreeze, and in chemical manufacture; ingestion may result in severe acidosis, visual impairment, and other effects on the central nervous system.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

methanol

A polar alcohol used as an industrial solvent; it is miscible with water, ethanol, ether, and petroleum derivatives (e.g., gasoline), and can be found in canned fuel and in antifreeze, from which it may be abused as an inebriant by indigent alcoholics. Methanol is metabolised to formaldehyde and formate, causing severe metabolic acidosis, optic nerve damage and blindness.
 
Toxic range
60–250 ml; as little as 15 ml can be fatal.

Management
Overload patient with ethanol, which competes with methanol for sites on alcohol dehydrogenase, reducing methanol metabolites and toxicity.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

methanol

Toxicology A polar alcohol used as an industrial solvent miscible with water, ethanol, ether, petroleum derivatives–eg, gasoline, in canned fuel and in antifreeze, where it may be abused as an inebriant by indigent alcoholics; methanol is metabolized to formaldehyde and formate, causing significant metabolic acidosis and optic nerve damage and blindness Toxic range 60-250 ml; as little as 15 ml has been fatal Management Overload Pt with ethanol–which competes with methanol for sites on alcohol dehydrogenase, reducing methanol metabolites and toxicity
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

meth·yl al·co·hol

(meth'il al'kŏ-hol)
A flammable, toxic, mobile liquid, used as an industrial solvent and antifreeze, and in the manufacture of chemicals; ingestion may result in severe acidosis, visual impairment, and other effects on the central nervous system.
Synonym(s): methanol.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

meth·yl al·co·hol

(meth'il al'kŏ-hol)
Flammable toxic liquid, used as an industrial solvent, antifreeze, and in chemical manufacture; ingestion may result in severe acidosis and other effects on the central nervous system.
Synonym(s): methanol.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
For measurement of unregulated emissions, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Gas (FTIR) analyzer was used, which has capable of measuring 24 unregulated emission pollutants such as carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), water (H2O), ammonia (NH3), sulfur dioxide (SO2), formaldehyde (HCHO), acetaldehyde (CH3CHO), formic acid (HCOOH), acetic acid (CH3COOH), methanol (CH3OH), ethanol (C2H5OH), methane (CH4), Acetylene (C2H2), ethylene (C2H4), ethane (C2H6), propene (C3H6), propane (C3H8), 1,3-Butadiene (C4H6), iso-butene (C4H8), benzene (C6H6) and toluene (C7H8) in the exhaust gas.
The sub-fraction G1 yielded compound 6 (32 mg) and 7 (35 mg) on re-silica gel column chromatography with isocratic of CHCl3: CH3OH (9.9: 0.1), whereas, sub-fraction G2 yielded compound 8 (110 mg) with a mobile phase system of CHCl3: CH3OH (9.8: 0.2).
Methanol: A light, volatile alcohol (CH3OH) eligible for motor gasoline blending.
Many attempts have been made to observe the solvatochromic behavior of ligand 3 in different solvents such as CH3OH, THF, CH3COCH3 and DMF even at low concentration; but due to aggregation and too much noise in the spectra, they have been decided as superfluous except CH2Cl2 and CH3CN.
Petroleum ether (C2H5OC2H5), chloroform (CHCl3), methanol (CH3OH), distilled water (H2O), ferric chloride, copper sulfate (CuSO4.5H20), potassium sodium tartrate, sodium hydroxide (NaOH), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), ammonia (NH3), olive oil, acetone, glacial acetic acid, acidic alcohol, mercuric chloride, potassium iodide (KI), bismuth sub-nitrate, conc.
Air-dried and coarsely powdered plant material was extracted three times with CH3OH. The methanol extract, evaporated under reduced pressure, resulted into the crude extract.