In the NCL blue group, BUB1B,MSR1, FANCD2, and ERCC5 were significantly upregulated, while DKC1, HFE, MSR1, FLCN, MSH6, CD96, RAD51B, ERCC5, and TP53 genes were significantly downregulated.
In the DMCL green group, only EPHB2, SDHC, and NF1 genes were significantly expressed at higher levels, while 12 genes, CD96, PTCH2, AXIN2, NF1, EPCAM, MSH6, GALNT12, ERCC5, KIT, NF1, DKC1, and TP53, had significantly lower expression.
In contrast, 9 genes were detected with significantly lower expression, DKC, HFE, MSR, FLCN, MSH6, CD96, RAD51B, ERCC5, and TP53.
On the other hand, the other 12 genes, CD96, PTCH2, AXIN2, NF1, EPCAM, MSH6, GALNT12, ERCC5, KIT, NF1, DKC1, and TP53, had lower expression (Table 3).
Sprinkler irrigation was used to enhance grain mold in one experiment (CW96), while the other was exposed to natural conditions (CD96).
The maternal inheritance pattern of extranuclear genes contributing to grain mold resistance was estimated from the comparison of reciprocal [F.sub.1] progeny Sureno x RTx430 vs RTx430 x Sureno at CW96 and CD96. The formula to compare the means using a large number of samples was (Sincich, 1992)
Environment Sureno RTx430 1995 College Station - Sprinkle Irrigation (CW95) 2.59(a)([dagger]) 4.44(b) 1995 Beeville (BE95) 2.76(a) 4.29(b) 1996 College Station - Sprinkle Irrigation (CW96) 3.85(a) 4.91(b) 1996 College Station (CD96) 3.92(a) 4.96(b) 1997 College Station - Sprinkle Irrigation (CW97) 2.29(a) 4.51(b) 1997 College Station (CD97) 2.17(a) 4.41(b) 1997 Beeville (BE97) 1.68(a) 4.71(b) 1997 Corpus Christi (CC97) 1.98(a) 4.71(b) Combined Across Environments 2.66(a) 4.62(b) ([dagger]) Letters a, b indicate that the mean of Sureno and RTx430 are significantly different at P < 0.01.