craniocaudal view

(redirected from CC view)

craniocaudal view

A standard view taken from above during routine-screening mammography and during diagnostic mammography. In the CC view, the entire breast parenchyma should be depicted; the fatty tissue closest to the chest wall should appear as a dark strip on the mammogram and behind that, one should see the pectoral muscle. The nipple should be depicted in profile.


the direction of entry of the x-ray beam. The beam enters at the cranial end of the part being examined and exits at the caudal end.

craniocaudal view
in a system of nomenclature of radiographic positioning used in animals, means the path that the beam takes from the x-ray tube to the film, passing from the head end of the animal towards its tail.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In a CC view, the x-ray enters cranially and the film is located caudally.
The x-ray beam in the CC view is parallel to the vertical axis of the body.
Its length on the MLO view should be within 1 cm of its length on the CC view.
A mass seen near the label half of the breast on the CC view is in the lateral half of the breast.
The localization to the medial or lateral breast is straightforward on the CC view because the x-ray beam is parallel to the vertical axis of the body.
Because the x-ray beam is parallel to the horizontal axis of the body and oriented 90[degrees] with respect to the CC view, a mass above the PNL is truly in the upper half of the breast.
A mass located laterally on the CC view will actually be lower in the patient than predicted by the MLO view.
In this technique, the MLO view is placed in the center and the CC view is placed on either side with the nipple at the same level and pointing in the same direction (Figures 13 and 14).
The radiologist could order exaggerated CC medial (XCCM) and exaggerated CC lateral (XCCL) views to look more medially and laterally, respectively, to determine whether the mass is too medial or lateral to be seen in the standard CC view (Figure 15).
A caudal-cranial view ("from below") visualizes upper breast lesions better than the standard CC view does.
When lobular carcinoma is visible on a mammogram it is often better seen on the CC view.
For this study, radiation exposure with tomosynthesis was twice that of a standard mammogram dose or equal to a mammogram with MLO plus CC views.