allows for visualization of swallowing mechanics (hyoid movement, laryngeal elevation, tongue base retraction, and pharyngeal shortening) using eigenvectors that characterize the relative contribution of each element of swallowing mechanics.
Likewise, there were no significant changes in intact M and CasM
groups but treatment with [E.sub.2] increased retroperitoneal fat (p = 0.001).
Part three presents six case studies of the successful application of CASM
in different parts of the world.
Although fuel expense was up 13.7% to $166 million, CASM
fell 4.7% to 9.4 cents and nonfuel CASM
JetBlue CEO Robin Hayes said, "Airbus (EADSY) has recently communicated additional A321neo delays that will reduce our 2020 growth plans and naturally add pressure to our CASM
Consolidated first-quarter unit cost per available seat mile (CASM
) decreased 2.1 percent year-over-year.
Yield increased 9.1% to 13.74 cents as RASM rose 10.1% to 11.65 cents and CASM
increased 9.2% to 10.21 cents.
excluding fuel is forecast at 8.42 cents for the first quarter and 8.19 cents for the year, up from 7.82 cents in 2006.
Operating cost per available seat mile, excluding special items (Adjusted CASM
) increased 0.5%, from USD 0.092 in fourth quarter 2017 to USD 0.093 in the fourth quarter 2018.