CAPD


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dialysis

 [di-al´ĭ-sis] (Gr.)
1. the diffusion of solute molecules through a semipermeable membrane, normally passing from the side of higher concentration to that of lower. A semipermeable membrane is one that allows the passage of certain smaller molecules of such crystalloids as glucose and urea, but prevents passage of larger molecules such as the colloidal plasma proteins and protoplasm. adj., adj dialyt´ic.
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritoneal dialysis involving the continuous presence of dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity; see discussion at peritoneal dialysis.
continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) a procedure similar to continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis but taking place at night, using a machine to make several fluid exchanges automatically. See discussion at peritoneal dialysis.
dialysis dysequilibrium syndrome a condition occasionally seen following overly rapid hemodialysis, characterized by increased intracranial pressure that causes nausea, headache, vomiting, restlessness, and a decreased level of consciousness. The neurological complications may lead to coma and death if not treated. The cause of this syndrome is thought to be the rapid decrease in the blood urea nitrogen that accompanies dialysis. Called also dialysis dysequilibrium.
extracorporeal dialysis dialysis by a hemodialyzer; see also hemodialysis.
intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) an older form of peritoneal dialysis in which dialysis solution is infused into the peritoneal cavity, allowed to equilibrate for 10 to 20 minutes, and then drained out. See discussion at peritoneal dialysis.
kidney dialysis hemodialysis.
peritoneal dialysis see peritoneal dialysis.
renal dialysis hemodialysis.

CAPD

CAPD

CAPD

Abbreviation for:
central auditory processing disorder
chronic adult periodontal disease
chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (Medspeak-UK)

CAPD

Continuous/chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. See Dialysis, Peritoneal dialysis.

CAPD

Abbreviation for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.

CAPD

Abbrev. for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thank you to all who worked with me in CAPD in the 80's.
The use of plastic bags further facilitated the ambulatory nature of CAPD as this change in technology enabled people to move around freely in between cycles and avoided the need to carry heavy glass containers.
Recurrent acute hydrothorax in a CAPD patient: successful management with small volumes of dialysate.
Some experts believe that impairment associated with CAPD may be caused by deterioration of neurons in the pathways that transmit information from the cochlea (the sense organ in the inner ear that translates sound waves into nerve impulses) to the auditory cortex (the region of the brain responsible for making sense of sounds).
Despite increased experience and advances in peritoneal dialysis, peritonitis remains a major cause of morbidity in patients on long-term CAPD and is the major cause of treatment failure and the need to transfer to haemodialysis.
Clinical trial 3: evaluation of GST expression in CAPD patients as a function of peritoneal dialysis fluid composition and EPO supplementation.
A typical prescription for a CAPD patient requires three or four exchanges during the day and one long overnight exchange as the patient sleeps.
The patient may also supplement this modality with CAPD during the day.
West Pennine Health Authority, which covers Greater Manchester, accepts a new treatment called the CAPD Disconnect System is the "minimum standard" patients have a right to expect.