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A volatile, flammable hydrocarbon by-product of destructive coal distillation, which is present in coal tar; it is the simplest aromatic compound. Benzene is an organic solvent, and is both toxic—in particular to mucocutaneous surfaces—and carcinogenic; chronic exposure to benzene is linked to bone marrow depression, aplastic anaemia, and acute myelogenous leukaemia, one-fourth of which are preceded by pancytopenia and/or peripheral neuropathies.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The C6H6 benzene ring stretch peak (wave number 1587cm-1) occurred at 1575.90cm-1, 1578.21cm-1, and 1581.37cm-1, respectively.
The ground has a brownish hue, which is consistent with the GCMS detection of organic materials such as ethane ([C.sub.2][H.sub.6]), cyanogen ([C.sub.2][N.sub.2]), benzene (C6H6), and carbon dioxide (C[O.sub.2]).