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A volatile, flammable hydrocarbon by-product of destructive coal distillation, which is present in coal tar; it is the simplest aromatic compound. Benzene is an organic solvent, and is both toxic—in particular to mucocutaneous surfaces—and carcinogenic; chronic exposure to benzene is linked to bone marrow depression, aplastic anaemia, and acute myelogenous leukaemia, one-fourth of which are preceded by pancytopenia and/or peripheral neuropathies.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The C6H6 benzene ring stretch peak (wave number 1587cm-1) occurred at 1575.90cm-1, 1578.21cm-1, and 1581.37cm-1, respectively.
The ground has a brownish hue, which is consistent with the GCMS detection of organic materials such as ethane ([C.sub.2][H.sub.6]), cyanogen ([C.sub.2][N.sub.2]), benzene (C6H6), and carbon dioxide (C[O.sub.2]).
But as the consumption of alternative fuels becomes comparable to that of the liquid fuels, other unregulated emissions like Methanol (CH3OH), Ethanol (C2H5OH), Formaldehyde (HCHO), Acetaldehyde (CH3CHO), Formic Acid (HCOOH), Acetic Acid (CH3COOH), Propene (C3H8), Ethylene (C2H4), Ethyne (C2H2) Benzene (C6H6), 1,3-Butadiene (1,3-C4H6), Toluene (C7H8), Butene (C4H8) etc.