Candida albicans

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Can·di·da al·bi·cans

a fungal species ordinarily a part of humans' normal gastrointestinal flora, which only becomes pathogenic when there is a disturbance in the balance of flora or in an impairment of the host defenses from other causes; resulting disease states may vary from limited to generalized cutaneous or mucocutaneous infections, to severe and fatal systemic disease including endocarditis, septicemia, and meningitis.
Synonym(s): thrush fungus
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Candida albicans

A dimorphic fungus that is a major opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised Pts; C albicans is part of the normal GI flora, and commonly causes vaginal candidiasis Management Nystatin, ketoconazole, fluconazole
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Can·di·da al·bi·cans

(kan'di-dă al'bi-kanz)
A yeast species; a common cause of skin, mucous membrane, and vaginal infection; may also cause sepsis, and invasive disease in the immunocompromised patient.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Candida albicans

The common THRUSH fungus. Candida is a yeast-like fungus commonly affecting the mouth, the vagina and the GLANS of the penis and sometimes causing serious infections in immunocompromized people or in the debilitated who have to have heavy or prolonged antibiotic treatment. It is also a common infecting agent in people with DIABETES or CUSHING'S SYNDROME. Also known as monilia.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Can·di·da al·bi·cans

(kan'di-dă al'bi-kanz)
Fungal species ordinarily a part of humans' normal gastrointestinal flora, which only becomes pathogenic with a disturbance in balance of flora or impairment of the host defenses from other causes.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
This study showed that 55% of C.albicans, 14% of C.glaberata, 60% of C.tropicalis, 50% of C.krusei, and, 50% of C.kyfr were susceptible to fluconazole.
These results are in agreement with those of Miller10 who detected C.albicans in 41% of cases, C.
These results are in agreement with those Khun et al14 who reported that C.albicans isolates recovered from urine demonstrated lower percentage of biofilm positivity than other Candida species isolates.
When studies are limited to this genus, the most frequently isolated species were C.albicans, C.tropicalis, C.glabrata, C.parapsilosis (5,9).
On Hicrome only 5 species of candida were identified ie, C.albicans, C.tropicalis, C.glabrata, C.krusei, C.parapsilosis.
Hicrome agar was useful in identification of C.albicans, C.tropicalis, C.glabrata, C.krusei with 100 % sensitivity, moderate sensitivity of 70.58 % was observed in C.parapsilosis.
In the present study, the recovery rate of Candida spp from pregnant women was 17.2% with C.albicans being the most common species detected (83.5%), followed by C.
A striking observation in this study is that non- albicans Candida (NAC) species was very much lower than C.albicans in vaginal candidiasis (16.5% vs 83.5%).
In contrast, other authors noted that diabetes, or impaired glucose tolerance during pregnancy was not associated with vaginal candidiasis.14 In a study it was observed that women with diabetes experienced significantly higher isolation rate of both C.albicans and non-albicans Candida compared to non-diabetics.15 In addition to diabetes, the susceptibility to candidiasis in pregnant women is much higher due to hormonal changes during pregnancy.
Table 1: Age distribution of patients included in the study (n=139) Age interval C.albicans Non-albicans Candida Total P value 0-20 8 20 28 <0.05 21-40 8 09 17 41-60 19 16 35 61-80 15 28 43 81-100 7 09 16 Total 57 82 139 Table 2: Sex distribution of patients included in the study (n=139) Sex C.albicans Non-albicans Candida Total P value Male 25 62 87 <0.05 Female 32 20 52 Total 57 82 139 Table 3: Distribution of Candida spp.
On performing germ tube test we found that C.albicans were n=46 (67.6%) and Nonalbicans Candida n= 22 (32.3%).
Out of 68 Candida species, 46(67.6%) were C.albicans, the rest were NAC of which 12(17.6%) C.tropicalis, 6(8.8%) C.parapsilosis and 4(5.8%) C.glabrata.