Clostridium tetani

(redirected from C. tetani)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.

Clos·trid·i·um te·t'a·ni

the bacterial species that causes tetanus; it produces a potent exotoxin (neurotoxin) that is intensely toxic for humans horses, and other animals when formed in tissues or injected, but not when ingested. Tetanus vaccination is considered an essential component of human and equine health care preventive programs.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Clostridium tetani

(tĕt′ə-nī′)
n.
A bacterium that causes tetanus and is found in soil and in the intestinal tract of humans and many domestic animals.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Clos·trid·i·um te·ta·ni

(klos-trid'ē-ŭm tet'ă-nī)
A bacterial species that causes tetanus; it produces a potent exotoxin (neurotoxin) that is intensely toxic for humans and other animals when formed in tissues or injected, but not when ingested.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Serologic qualitative immunochromatic test result was positive for C. tetani. The patient received intravenous vancomycin and imipenem (1 g 2 times/day each) for 1 month, followed by oral amoxicillin (3 g 2 times/day), rifampin (300 mg 3 times/day), and ciprofloxacin (500 mg 3 times/day) for 3 months.
The only bacterium isolated from a tibial biopsy sample was C. tetani.
In the literature, 3 cases of relapsing C. tetani infections have been reported, but those patients had not received antitetanus vaccine and they did show signs of tetanus (4,5); 1 of these patients with mandible necrosis experienced relapse 8 months after discontinuation of metronidazole.
The pathogenesis of C. tetani has mainly been attributed to its toxin.
Hasta donde sabemos, esas pruebas no se han utilizado sistematicamente en la deteccion de la toxina (antigeno), como metodo de identificacion de C. tetani, lo cual es el objetivo de este trabajo.
Ademas, se incluyo como control positivo una cepa de C. tetani toxigenica (ATCC 19405), cuyos valores de absorbancia se mantuvieron similares en los diversos dias en que se analizaron las muestras.
Las 20 cepas de C. tetani analizadas mostraron valores de absorbancia en el ambito considerado como positivo, cuyo valor mas alto correspondio a 0.259 [+ o -] 0.002.
Los animales inoculados experimentalmente con la toxina, o sea cuando se confirma que la cepa en cuestion se trata de C. tetani, desarrollan un cuadro de tetanos mortal; esto significa, que la prueba biologica conduce al sacrificio de un numero importante de animales que mueren sometidos a un estres intenso, y si el modelo animal se comporta como en humanos, esos animales estarian sufriendo durante su agonia de un dolor extremo.
We obtained samples from the soil in monkey enclosures, from wooden playground equipment, and from the soil surrounding the enclosures and tested them for C. tetani; 67%, 75%, and 53% of the samples, respectively, were positive for C.
In facilities maintaining animals, the soil is often contaminated with C. tetani at a relatively high rate (1,2).
The outbreak was concentrated during the breeding season, suggesting that injuries sustained through fighting during the mating season in an environment with severe C. tetani contamination may have led to the outbreak.