Coccidioides immitis

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Coc·cid·i·oi·des im·mit·is

(kok-sid'ē-oy'dēz i-mī'tis)
A dimorphic fungus widely distributed in desert and semiarid areas of the southwestern U.S., Mexico, and South and Central America; causes coccidioidomycosis, the clinical manifestations of which range from self-limited primary pulmonary infection to a disseminated fatal disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
posadasii is largely found in Arizona, Texas, Mexico, and Central and South America; and C. immitis is primarily found in central and southern California.
Usually C. immitis grows 5-30 cm under the ground, especially around burrows of rodents and reptiles.
Viable C. immitis was isolated from four of the six soil samples using a modified yeast extract medium.
After discharge, a bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) culture was read as positive for C. immitis.
She described two cases of chronic meningitis that illustrate different manifestations of C. immitis. The first patient, a 16-year-old African American boy, had a history of exposure to soil in endemic areas, the likely source of his fungal infection, said Dr.
The infectious organism C. immitis can be seen in the giant cells or extracellularly.
The geographic distribution of C. immitis was thought to be restricted to central and southern California (7).
* Because of the clinical presentations, reported exposure to dirt, and published literature on EN outbreaks, the physicians and investigators hypothesized initially that this EN outbreak was caused by a mycotic agent (e.g., C. immitis or H.
Ophuls and Moffitt proved that C. immitis was a fungus rather than a protozoan in 1900.
Infection with C. immitis previously has not been diagnosed in patients outside these areas, except in travelers returning from areas where the disease is endemic (1).
We describe the use of WGST to genotypically link C. immitis isolates recovered from a transplant-related cluster of coccidioidomycosis in an area to which it is endemic.
The disease is acquired by inhaling the arthroconidia of C. immitis present in the soil.