cayenne

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cayenne

Herbal medicine
A shrub, the fruit of which has both culinary and medicinal use; it contains capsaicin (an alkaloid), carotenoids, flavonoids, pungent principles, vitamins A and C, and volatile oil; it is antibacterial, diaphoretic, haemostatic, a stimulant, and is used topically as a counter-irritant for joint and muscle pain, neuralgias, low back pain, rheumatic pain and sprains; internally, cayenne is a cardiotonic and used for colds and respiratory complaints, indigestion, toothaches, hangovers and fatigue, especially in the elderly.

Toxicity
Excess cayenne may cause indigestion and vomiting.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

cap·si·cum

(kap'si-kŭm)
Dried herbal remedy (and spice) made from Capsicum frutescens and other Capsicum spp.; both internal and external medicinal uses have been described (e.g., analgesic, therapy for GU problems).
Synonym(s): capsaicin, cayenne, hot pepper, red pepper.
[L., fr. capsa, box, case]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012