Buthidae


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Buthidae

(bū′thĭ-dē″) [ Buthus, the type genus + -idae]
The family of the class Arachnida that comprises most of the venomous scorpions.
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Iranian scorpion faunae consist of more than 44 named species from 23 genera in the 2 families of Buthidae and Scorpionidae.
On the national territory, 28 species and 14 genera of scorpions, classified under 3 families: Buthidae, Chactidae (Euscorpiidae) and Scorpionidae were recorded (Dupre, 2011).
The family Buthidae is found on every continent except, surprise surprise, Antarctica.
Koch, 1836 (Ross, 2010; Schneider & Cella, 2010), which is the largest genus of the Buthidae family, widely distributed across the Americas, from Costa Rica (Francke & Stocwell, 1987) to Central Argentina (Ojanguren Affilastro, 2005) and the Dominican Republic (Armas & Abud Antun, 2004).
Iranian scorpion fauna consists of 44 named species from 23 genera in 3 families, Buthidae, Scorpionidae and Hemiscorpiidae.
Colubridae Peltophryne Colubridae peltocephala Rhinella crucifer Belostomatidae Erythrinidae Rhinella granulosa Leptodactylidae Procyonidae Rhinella icterica Ctenidae Ctenidae Ctenidae Theraphosidae Rhinella Colubridae proboscidea Cycloramphidae Cycloramphus Viperidae boraceiensis Dendrobatidae Dendrobates Theraphosidae auratus Momotidae Eleutherodactylidae Phyllobates Colubridae terribilis Eleutherodactylus Buthidae coqui Eleutherodactylus Phyllodactylidae johnstonei Eleutherodactylus Cranaidae sp.
Koch, 1836, contiene 210 especies descritas hasta la fecha y es el grupo mas numeroso de la familia Buthidae (Fet & Lowe 2000, Lourenco 2006).
A vet identified it as a member of the Buthidae family and had it humanely destroyed.
En Colombia se encuentran registradas las familias Buthidae, Chactidae, Diplocentridae, Liochelidae y Troglotayosicidae (Florez 2001; Ochoa et al.
Para la familia Buthidae se ha descrito que la dieta incluye otros aracnidos (Araneae, Scorpiones), quilopodos e insectos (Koch, 1977; McCormick y Polis, 1990), aunque en ninguno de estos reportes se incluye el genero Rhopalurus.
Of these, Scorpionidae (42%) and Buthidae (34%) are the most abundant and responsible for most scorpion stings.
This is similar to the effects of Buthidae scorpion family as a neurotoxic venom.