Burnett's syndrome


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milk-alkali syndrome

A condition caused by hypercalcaemia due to excess consumption of dairy products, or due to overuse (> 5g/day) of calcium-containing antacids (e.g., CaCO3) or alkalis (e.g., sodium bicarbonate) for treating peptic ulcer.

Clinical findings
Although usually asymptomatic, milk-alkali syndrome can cause high urine output, fatigue, nausea, constipation, and pain in the abdomen, back or loin (due to kidney stones). Metabolic derangements may cause renal failure via nephrocalcinosis and inability to compensate for alkalosis and dehydration.

Lab
Hypercalcaemia, severe compensated metabolic alkalosis, normo- to hyperphosphataemia.
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