Burkholderia cepacia

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Burkholderia cepacia

a bacterial species found in rotted onions and in clinical specimens; commonly found in respiratory secretions in patients with cystic fibrosis, it is frequently resistant to many antibiotics.
Synonym(s): Pseudomonas cepacia
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Burkholderia cepacia

A group of at least 17 Pseudomonas-like gram-negative bacteria found in the environment—e.g., plants, water, soil and in hospital—which may colonise the respiratory tract.

Clinical findings
May cause life-threatening pneumonia in patients with cystic fibrosis, chronic granulomatous disease and lung transplants; B cepacia may also cause urinary tract infections and infect sterile body sites.
 
Epidemiology
Transmitted by direct physical contact from contaminated environmental sources, fluids and medical devices, by aerosol or person-to-person.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

Burkholderia cepacia

Pseudomonas cepacia Bacteriology A bacterium found in the environment–eg, plants, water, soil, and in hospital environment, which may colonize the respiratory tract of Pts with cystic fibrosis; transmitted by direct physical contact from contaminated environmental sources, fluids and medical devices and, by aerosol, person-to-person Clinical May cause life-threatening URIs in Pts with cystic fibrosis, chronic granulomatous disease; also associated with UTIs and may infect sterile body sites
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Burk·hol·der·i·a ce·pa·ci·a

(bŭrk-hol-der'ē-ă sē-pā'shē-ă)
A bacterial species found in rotted onions and in clinical specimens; commonly found in respiratory secretions in patients with cystic fibrosis, it is frequently resistant to many antibiotics. Formerly known as Pseudomonas cepacia.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Ivacaftor use also correlated with reduced Staphylococcus aureus and Aspergillus species prevalence but was not associated with a reduction in Burkholderia cepacia complex.
We used the Burkholderia cepacia complex Multi Locus Sequence Typing website (http://pubmlst.org/bcc) developed by Keith Jolley (20), located at the University of Oxford and funded by the Wellcome Trust.
"It (the mouthwash) failed to comply with the specifications set by the manufacturing company due to contamination of the product with Burkholderia cepacia complex bacteria," added Dr Al Jalahma.
Lou et al., "Copper as an antibacterial agent for human pathogenic multidrug resistant Burkholderia cepacia complex bacteria," Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, vol.
Lord, "Antibiotic treatment for Burkholderia cepacia complex in people with cystic fibrosis experiencing a pulmonary exacerbation," Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol.
An integrated method to control postharvest diseases of banana using a member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex. Posth.
That cluster also includes the species of the Burkholderia cepacia complex, the "pseudomallef group, and B.
The Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC) encompasses at least 17 related Gram-Negative bacilli species as judged by different phenotypic and genotypic analyses.
The proteobacteria Burkholderia mallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei, distinct from the Burkholderia cepacia complex, cause melioidosis and glanders, respectively [1].
One of the most important opportunistic CF pathogens is represented by bacteria belonging to the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) belonging to the very heterogeneous genus Burkholderia, which currently comprises more than seventy species, isolated from wide range of niches.