Burkholderia cepacia

Burkholderia cepacia

a bacterial species found in rotted onions and in clinical specimens; commonly found in respiratory secretions in patients with cystic fibrosis, it is frequently resistant to many antibiotics.
Synonym(s): Pseudomonas cepacia

Burkholderia cepacia

formerly Pseudomonas cepacia. A group of bacteria found in the environment that are often resistant to common antibiotics. Immunocompromised persons or those with chronic lung disease, especially cystic fibrosis, are susceptible to infection. In patients without cystic fibrosis, B. cepacia infections are almost all nosocomial or related to IV drug abuse. Outbreaks have been related to intra-aortic balloon pumps, contaminated water sources, respiratory therapy equipment such as reusable electronic ventilator probes or contaminated disinfectants. A variety of approaches including strict segregation of cystic fibrosis patients based on the presence of this organism have been tried in order to reduce nosocomial transmission. Even a single significant nosocomial infection with B. cepacia may warrant investigation.

Burkholderia cepacia

A group of at least 17 Pseudomonas-like gram-negative bacteria found in the environment—e.g., plants, water, soil and in hospital—which may colonise the respiratory tract.

Clinical findings
May cause life-threatening pneumonia in patients with cystic fibrosis, chronic granulomatous disease and lung transplants; B cepacia may also cause urinary tract infections and infect sterile body sites.
 
Epidemiology
Transmitted by direct physical contact from contaminated environmental sources, fluids and medical devices, by aerosol or person-to-person.

Burkholderia cepacia

Pseudomonas cepacia Bacteriology A bacterium found in the environment–eg, plants, water, soil, and in hospital environment, which may colonize the respiratory tract of Pts with cystic fibrosis; transmitted by direct physical contact from contaminated environmental sources, fluids and medical devices and, by aerosol, person-to-person Clinical May cause life-threatening URIs in Pts with cystic fibrosis, chronic granulomatous disease; also associated with UTIs and may infect sterile body sites

Burk·hol·der·i·a ce·pa·ci·a

(bŭrk-hol-der'ē-ă sē-pā'shē-ă)
A bacterial species found in rotted onions and in clinical specimens; commonly found in respiratory secretions in patients with cystic fibrosis, it is frequently resistant to many antibiotics. Formerly known as Pseudomonas cepacia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gram negative micro-organisms [Salmonella, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Burkholderia cepacia and Acinetobacter] were identified in seven cases where as remaining cases were gram positive pathogens [Streptococcus and Staphylococcus (both aureus and non-aureus)].
Misidentification of Burkholderia pseudomallei as Burkholderia cepacia by the VITEK 2 system.
Burkholderia cepacia is a catalase-producing, non-lactose-fermenting, aerobic Gram-negative bacterium found in various aquatic environments.
SNSP113 has been shown pre-clinically to dramatically reduce viability of a broad range of antibiotic-resistant bacteria including the highly virulent Burkholderia cepacia.
But doctors warned they should not meet each other because Dalton had a bacterial infection called Burkholderia cepacia, which is highly contagious for cystic fibrosis patients.
Teleflex Medical Australia has advised that the manufacturer found contamination by bacteria, Burkholderia cepacia, in several lots of its Comfort Shield Barrier Cream Cloths.
Cultures demonstrated Burkholderia cepacia, diphtheroid organisms, and Enterococcus and Serratia spp.
The group of non- Enterobacteriaceae in the present analysis included Acinetobacter baumannii, Burkholderia cepacia, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa .
As a result of complaints of an ammonia-like odor, the company conducted microbial testing that showed the presence of the bacteria Burkholderia cepacia (B.
Burkholderia cepacia genomovar III is a common plant associated bacterium.
7 0 0 Klebsiella oxytoca ESBL (1) 100 0 0 Serratia marcescens (3) 100 0 0 Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3) 100 0 0 Burkholderia cepacia (1) 100 100 0 Species (n = 89) % resistant (standard susceptibility) Cefazolin Cefotaxime Amoxicillin/ clavulanic acid E.