Burkholderia cepacia

Burkholderia cepacia

a bacterial species found in rotted onions and in clinical specimens; commonly found in respiratory secretions in patients with cystic fibrosis, it is frequently resistant to many antibiotics.
Synonym(s): Pseudomonas cepacia
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Burkholderia cepacia

A group of at least 17 Pseudomonas-like gram-negative bacteria found in the environment—e.g., plants, water, soil and in hospital—which may colonise the respiratory tract.

Clinical findings
May cause life-threatening pneumonia in patients with cystic fibrosis, chronic granulomatous disease and lung transplants; B cepacia may also cause urinary tract infections and infect sterile body sites.
 
Epidemiology
Transmitted by direct physical contact from contaminated environmental sources, fluids and medical devices, by aerosol or person-to-person.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

Burkholderia cepacia

Pseudomonas cepacia Bacteriology A bacterium found in the environment–eg, plants, water, soil, and in hospital environment, which may colonize the respiratory tract of Pts with cystic fibrosis; transmitted by direct physical contact from contaminated environmental sources, fluids and medical devices and, by aerosol, person-to-person Clinical May cause life-threatening URIs in Pts with cystic fibrosis, chronic granulomatous disease; also associated with UTIs and may infect sterile body sites
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Burk·hol·der·i·a ce·pa·ci·a

(bŭrk-hol-der'ē-ă sē-pā'shē-ă)
A bacterial species found in rotted onions and in clinical specimens; commonly found in respiratory secretions in patients with cystic fibrosis, it is frequently resistant to many antibiotics. Formerly known as Pseudomonas cepacia.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The bacteria found is Burkholderia cepacia and a group of related strains.
Ivacaftor use also correlated with reduced Staphylococcus aureus and Aspergillus species prevalence but was not associated with a reduction in Burkholderia cepacia complex.
We used the Burkholderia cepacia complex Multi Locus Sequence Typing website (http://pubmlst.org/bcc) developed by Keith Jolley (20), located at the University of Oxford and funded by the Wellcome Trust.
pseudomallei, and hospital acquired ones such as Burkholderia cepacia need addition to the FA-BCID panel in the future, to increase the clinical utility of the test.
"It (the mouthwash) failed to comply with the specifications set by the manufacturing company due to contamination of the product with Burkholderia cepacia complex bacteria," added Dr Al Jalahma.
Karakterisasi A-1,3-1,4-glukanasebakteri endofitik Burkholderia cepacia isolat 76 asal tanaman padi.
This is a notoriously micro-bially diverse setting, including not just the "usual suspect" pathogens Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Burkholderia cepacia but also many anaerobic species.
Burkholderia cepacia, a Gram-negative aerobic bacillus formerly known as Pseudomonas cepacia, was first identified in 1950 from the rot of onion bulbs [1].
(7), Enterobacter aerogenes (3), Enterobacter cloacae (3), Serratia plymuthica (5), Escherichia coli 1 (3), Burkholderia cepacia (3), Citrobacter freundii (2), Pseudomonas oryzihabitans (2), Moellerella wisconsensis (2), Raoultella ornithinolytica (1), Pasteurella pneumotropica/Mannheimia haemolytica (1), Ochrobactrum anthropi (1), and Proteus penneri (1) (Table 3).
Gram negative micro-organisms [Salmonella, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Burkholderia cepacia and Acinetobacter] were identified in seven cases where as remaining cases were gram positive pathogens [Streptococcus and Staphylococcus (both aureus and non-aureus)].